Built-In Excel Functions (Alphabetically Ordered)

The links below will take to to dedicated page for each of the functions, where you will find a description of the function, with examples of use and details of common errors.

Alternatively, if you know the type of function that you want, but don't know the function name, you may prefer to browse through the list of Excel Functions ordered by Category.

A
ABS Returns the absolute value (i.e. the modulus) of a supplied number
ACCRINT Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
ACOS Returns the Arccosine of a number
ACOSH Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ACOT Returns the arccotangent of a number (New in Excel 2013)
ACOTH Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number (New in Excel 2013)
ADDRESS Returns a reference, in text format, for a supplied row and column number
AGGREGATE Performs a specified calculation (e.g. the sum, product, average, etc.) for a list or database, with the option to ignore hidden rows and error values (New in Excel 2010)
AMORDEGRC Calculates the prorated linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period (with depreciation coefficient applied, depending on the life of the asset)
AMORLINC Calculates the prorated linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period
AND Tests a number of user-defined conditions and returns TRUE if ALL of the conditions evaluate to TRUE, or FALSE otherwise
ARABIC Converts a Roman numeral to an Arabic numeral (New in Excel 2013)
AREAS Returns the number of areas in a supplied range
ASIN Returns the Arcsine of a number
ASINH Returns the Inverse Hyperbolic Sine of a number
ATAN Returns the Arctangent of a given number
ATAN2 Returns the Arctangent of a given pair of x and y coordinates
ATANH Returns the Inverse Hyperbolic Tangent of a given number
AVEDEV Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE Returns the Average of a list of supplied numbers
AVERAGEA Returns the Average of a list of supplied numbers, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
AVERAGEIF Calculates the Average of the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy a given criteria (New in Excel 2007)
AVERAGEIFS Calculates the Average of the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria (New in Excel 2007)
B
BAHTTEXT Converts a number, plus the suffix "Baht" into Thai text
BASE Converts a number into a text representation, with the supplied base (New in Excel 2013)
BESSELI Calculates the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ Calculates the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK Calculates the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY Calculates the modified Bessel function Yn(x)
BETADIST Returns the cumulative beta probability density function (Replaced by Beta.Dist function in Excel 2010)
BETA.DIST Returns the cumulative beta distribution function or the beta probability density function (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Betadist function)
BETAINV Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function (Replaced by Beta.Inv function in Excel 2010)
BETA.INV Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Betainv function)
BIN2DEC Converts a binary number to a decimal
BIN2HEX Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT Converts a binary number to octal
BINOMDIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability (Replaced by Binom.Dist function in Excel 2010)
BINOM.DIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Binomdist function)
BINOM.DIST.RANGE Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution (New in Excel 2013)
BINOM.INV Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Critbinom function)
BITAND Returns a Bitwise 'And' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013)
BITLSHIFT Returns a number shifted left by a specified number of bits (New in Excel 2013)
BITOR Returns a Bitwise 'Or' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013)
BITRSHIFT Returns a number shifted right by a specified number of bits (New in Excel 2013)
BITXOR Returns a Bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013)
C
CEILING Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to a multiple of significance
CEILING.MATH Rounds a number up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance (New in Excel 2013)
CEILING.PRECISE Rounds a number up, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance (New in Excel 2010)
CELL Returns information about the contents, formatting or location of a given cell
CHAR Returns the character that corresponds to a supplied numeric value
CHIDIST Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (Replaced by Chisq.Dist.Rt function in Excel 2010)
CHIINV Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (Replaced by Chisq.Inv.Rt function in Excel 2010)
CHI.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Chiinv function)
CHISQ.DIST Returns the chi-squared distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010)
CHISQ.DIST.RT Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Chidist function)
CHISQ.INV Returns the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010)
CHISQ.TEST Returns the chi-squared statistical test for independence (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Chitest function)
CHITEST Returns the chi-squared statistical test for independence (Replaced by Chisq.Test function in Excel 2010)
CHOOSE Returns one of a list of values, depending on the value of a supplied index number
CLEAN Removes all non-printable characters from a supplied text string
CODE Returns the numeric code for the first character of a supplied string
COLUMN Returns the column number of a supplied range, or of the current cell
COLUMNS Returns the number of columns in a supplied range
COMBIN Returns the number of combinations (without repetitions) for a given number of objects
COMBINA Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items (New in Excel 2013)
COMPLEX Converts user-supplied real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONCAT Joins together two or more text strings (New in Excel 2019 - replaces the Concatenate function)
CONCATENATE Joins together two or more text strings (Replaced by the Concat function in Excel 2019)
CONFIDENCE Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution (Replaced by Confidence.Norm function in Excel 2010)
CONFIDENCE.NORM Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Confidence function)
CONFIDENCE.T Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution (New in Excel 2010)
CONVERT Converts a number from one measurement system to another
CORREL Returns the correlation coefficient between two sets of values
COS Returns the Cosine of a given angle
COSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COT Returns the cotangent of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
COTH Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
COUNT Returns the number of numerical values in a supplied set of cells or values
COUNTA Returns the number of non-blanks in a supplied set of cells or values
COUNTBLANK Returns the number of blank cells in a supplied range
COUNTIF Returns the number of cells (of a supplied range), that satisfy a given criteria
COUNTIFS Returns the number of cells (of a supplied range), that satisfy a set of given criteria (New in Excel 2007)
COUPDAYBS Calculates the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS Calculates the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC Calculates the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD Returns the previous coupon date, before the settlement date
COVAR Returns population covariance (i.e. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (Replaced by Covariance.P function in Excel 2010)
COVARIANCE.P Returns population covariance (i.e. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Covar function)
COVARIANCE.S Returns sample covariance (i.e. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (New in Excel 2010)
CRITBINOM Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value (Replaced by Binom.Inv function in Excel 2010)
CSC Returns the cosecant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
CSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
CUBEKPIMEMBER Returns a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell (New in Excel 2007)
CUBEMEMBER Returns a member or tuple from the cube (New in Excel 2007)
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Returns the value of a member property from the cube (New in Excel 2007)
CUBERANKEDMEMBER Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set (New in Excel 2007)
CUBESET Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel (New in Excel 2007)
CUBESETCOUNT Returns the number of items in a set (New in Excel 2007)
CUBEVALUE Returns an aggregated value from the cube (New in Excel 2007)
CUMIPMT Calculates the cumulative interest paid between two specified periods
CUMPRINC Calculates the cumulative principal paid on a loan, between two specified periods
D
DATE Returns a date, from a user-supplied year, month and day
DATEVALUE Converts a text string showing a date, to an integer that represents the date in Excel's date-time code
DAVERAGE Calculates the average of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DAY Returns the day (of the month) from a user-supplied date
DAYS Returns the number of days between 2 dates (New in Excel 2013)
DAYS360 Calculates the number of days between 2 dates, based on a 360-day year (12 x 30 months)
DB Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the fixed-declining balance method
DCOUNT Returns the number of cells containing numbers in a field of a list or database that satisfy specified conditions
DCOUNTA Returns the number of non-blank cells in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DDB Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the double-declining balance method, or some other user-specified method
DEC2BIN Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT Converts a decimal number to octal
DECIMAL Converts a text representation of a number in a specified base into a decimal number (New in Excel 2013)
DELTA Tests whether two supplied numbers are equal
DEVSQ Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations of a set of data points from their sample mean
DGET Returns a single value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DISC Calculates the discount rate for a security
DMAX Returns the maximum value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DMIN Returns the minimum value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DOLLAR Converts a supplied number into text, using a currency format
DOLLARDE Converts a dollar price expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price expressed as a decimal
DOLLARFR Converts a dollar price expressed as a decimal, into a dollar price expressed as a fraction
DPRODUCT Calculates the product of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DSTDEV Calculates the standard deviation (based on a sample of a population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DSTDEVP Calculates the standard deviation (based on an entire population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DSUM Calculates the sum of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DURATION Calculates the Macauley duration of a security with an assumed par value of \$100
DVAR Calculates the variance (based on a sample of a population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DVARP Calculates the variance (based on an entire population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
E
EDATE Returns a date that is the specified number of months before or after an initial supplied start date
EFFECT Calculates the effective annual interest rate
ENCODEURL Returns a URL-encoded string (New in Excel 2013)
EOMONTH Returns a date that is the last day of the month which is a specified number of months before or after an initial supplied start date
ERF Returns the error function integrated between two supplied limits
ERFC Returns the complementary error function integrated between a supplied lower limit and infinity
ERFC.PRECISE Returns the complementary error function integrated between a supplied lower limit and infinity (New in Excel 2010)
ERF.PRECISE Returns the error function integrated between 0 and a supplied limit (New in Excel 2010)
ERROR.TYPE Tests a supplied value and returns an integer relating to the supplied value's error type
EVEN Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to the next even number
EXACT Tests if two supplied text strings are exactly the same and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE. (case-sensitive)
EXP Returns e raised to a given power
EXPONDIST Returns the exponential distribution (Replaced by Expon.Dist function in Excel 2010)
EXPON.DIST Returns the exponential distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Expondist function)
F
FACT Returns the Factorial of a given number
FACTDOUBLE Returns the Double Factorial of a given number
FALSE Simply returns the logical value FALSE
FDIST Returns the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (Replaced by F.Dist.Rt function in Excel 2010)
F.DIST Returns the F probability distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010)
F.DIST.RT Returns the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Fdist function)
FILTERXML Returns data from XML content, using a specified XPath (New in Excel 2013)
FIND Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (case-sensitive)
FINV Returns the inverse of the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (Replaced by F.Inv.Rt function in Excel 2010)
F.INV Returns the inverse of the Cumulative F distribution (New in Excel 2010)
F.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Finv function)
FISHER Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FIXED Rounds a supplied number to a specified number of decimal places, and then converts this into text
FLOOR Rounds a number towards zero, (i.e. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to a multiple of significance
FLOOR.MATH Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance (New in Excel 2013)
FLOOR.PRECISE Rounds a number down, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance (New in Excel 2010)
FORECAST Predicts a future point on a linear trend line fitted to a supplied set of x- and y- values
FORECAST.ETS Uses an exponential smoothing algorithm to predict a future value on a timeline, based on a series of existing values (New in Excel 2016)
FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT Returns a confidence interval for a forecast value at a specified target date (New in Excel 2016)
FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for a specified time series (New in Excel 2016)
FORECAST.ETS.STAT Returns a statistical value relating to a time series forecasting (New in Excel 2016)
FORECAST.LINEAR Predicts a future point on a linear trend line fitted to a supplied set of x- and y- values (New in Excel 2016)
FORMULATEXT Returns a formula as a string (New in Excel 2013)
FREQUENCY Returns an array showing the number of values from a supplied array, which fall into specified ranges
FTEST Returns the result of an F-Test for 2 supplied data sets (Replaced by F.Test function in Excel 2010)
F.TEST Returns the result of an F-Test for 2 supplied data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Ftest function)
FV Calculates the future value of an investment with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
FVSCHEDULE Calculates the future value of an initial principal, after applying a series of compound interest rates
G
GAMMA Return the gamma function value for a supplied number (New in Excel 2013)
GAMMADIST Returns the gamma distribution (Replaced by Gamma.Dist function in Excel 2010)
GAMMA.DIST Returns the gamma distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Gammadist function)
GAMMAINV Returns the inverse gamma cumulative distribution (Replaced by Gamma.Inv function in Excel 2010)
GAMMA.INV Returns the inverse gamma cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Gammainv function)
GAMMALN Calculates the natural logarithm of the gamma function for a supplied value
GAMMALN.PRECISE Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function for a supplied value (New in Excel 2010)
GAUSS Calculates the probability that a member of a standard normal population will fall between the mean and z standard deviations from the mean (New in Excel 2013)
GCD Returns the Greatest Common Divisor of two or more supplied numbers
GEOMEAN Returns the geometric mean of a set of supplied numbers
GESTEP Tests whether a number is greater than a supplied threshold value
GETPIVOTDATA Extracts data stored in a Pivot Table
GROWTH Returns numbers in a exponential growth trend, based on a set of supplied x- and y- values
H
HARMEAN Returns the harmonic mean of a set of supplied numbers
HEX2BIN Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC Converts a hexadecimal number to a decimal
HEX2OCT Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
HLOOKUP Looks up a supplied value in the first row of a table, and returns the corresponding value from another row
HOUR Returns the hour part of a user-supplied time
HYPGEOMDIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution (Replaced by Hypgeom.Dist function in Excel 2010)
HYPGEOM.DIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Hypgeomdist function)
I
IF Tests a user-defined condition and returns one result if the condition is TRUE, and another result if the condition is FALSE
IFERROR Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error, and if so the function returns a supplied value; Otherwise the function returns the initial value. (New in Excel 2007)
IFNA Tests if an expression returns the #N/A error and if so, returns an alternative specified value; Otherwise the function returns the value of the supplied expression (New in Excel 2013)
IFS Tests a number of supplied conditions and returns a result corresponding to the first condition that evaluates to TRUE (New in Excel 2019)
IMABS Returns the absolute value (the modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT Returns the argument Θ (an angle expressed in radians) of a complex number
IMCONJUGATE Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMCOSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMCOT Returns the cotangent of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMCSC Returns the cosecant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMCSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMDIV Returns the quotient of two supplied complex numbers
IMEXP Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER Calculates a complex number raised to a supplied power
IMPRODUCT Returns the product of up to 255 supplied complex numbers
IMREAL Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSEC Returns the secant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMSECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMSIN Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMSQRT Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB Subtracts two complex numbers
IMSUM Calculates the sum of two complex numbers
IMTAN Returns the tangent of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
INDEX Returns a reference to a cell (or range of cells) for requested rows and columns within a supplied range
INDIRECT Returns a cell or range reference that is represented by a supplied text string
INFO Returns information about the current operating environment
INT Rounds a number down to the next integer
INTERCEPT Calculates the best fit regression line, through a supplied series of x- and y- values and returns the value at which this line intercepts the y-axis
INTRATE Calculates the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT Calculates the interest payment for a given period of an investment, with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
IRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISBLANK Tests if a supplied cell is blank (empty), and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISERR Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error (EXCEPT for the #N/A error) and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE
ISERROR Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE
ISEVEN Tests if a supplied number (or expression) is an even number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE.
ISFORMULA Tests if a supplied cell contains a formula and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE (New in Excel 2013)
ISLOGICAL Tests if a supplied value is a logical value, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISNA Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns the Excel #N/A error and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE
ISNONTEXT Tests if a supplied value is text, and if it is NOT, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISNUMBER Tests if a supplied value is a number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISO.CEILING Rounds a number up, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance. (New in Excel 2010)
ISODD Tests if a supplied number (or expression) is an odd number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISOWEEKNUM Returns the ISO week number of the year for a given date (New in Excel 2013)
ISPMT Returns the interest paid during a specified period of an investment
ISREF Tests if a supplied value is a reference, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISTEXT Tests if a supplied value is text, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
K
KURT Returns the kurtosis of a data set
L
LARGE Returns the kth largest value from a list of supplied numbers, for a given value k
LCM Returns the Least Common Multiple of two or more supplied numbers
LEFT Returns a specified number of characters from the start of a supplied text string
LEN Returns the length of a supplied text string
LINEST Returns statistical information describing the trend of the line of best fit, through a supplied series of x- and y- values
LN Returns the natural logarithm of a given number
LOG Returns the logarithm of a given number, to a specified base
LOG10 Returns the base 10 logarithm of a given number
LOGEST Returns the parameters of an exponential trend for a supplied set of x- and y- values
LOGINV Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution (Replaced by Lognorm.Inv function in Excel 2010)
LOGNORMDIST Returns the cumulative log-normal distribution (Replaced by Lognorm.Dist function in Excel 2010)
LOGNORM.DIST Returns the log-normal probability density function or the cumulative log- normal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Lognormdist function)
LOGNORM.INV Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Loginv function)
LOOKUP Searches for a specific value in one data vector, and returns a value from the corresponding position of a second data vector
LOWER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to lower case
M
MATCH Finds the relative position of a value in a supplied array
MAX Returns the largest value from a list of supplied numbers
MAXA Returns the largest value from a list of supplied values, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
MAXIFS Returns the largest value from a subset of values in a list that are specified according to one or more criteria. (New in Excel 2019)
MDETERM Returns the matrix determinant of a supplied array
MDURATION Calculates the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100
MEDIAN Returns the Median (the middle value) of a list of supplied numbers
MID Returns a specified number of characters from the middle of a supplied text string
MIN Returns the smallest value from a list of supplied numbers
MINA Returns the smallest value from a list of supplied values, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
MINIFS Returns the smallest value from a subset of values in a list that are specified according to one or more criteria. (New in Excel 2019)
MINUTE Returns the minute part of a user-supplied time
MINVERSE Returns the matrix inverse of a supplied array
MIRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a series of periodic cash flows, considering the cost of the investment and the interest on the reinvestment of cash
MMULT Returns the matrix product of two supplied arrays
MOD Returns the remainder from a division between two supplied numbers
MODE Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (Replaced by Mode.Sngl function in Excel 2010)
MODE.MULT Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring values in an array or range of data (New in Excel 2010)
MODE.SNGL Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Mode function)
MONTH Returns the month from a user-supplied date
MROUND Rounds a number up or down, to the nearest multiple of significance
MULTINOMIAL Returns the Multinomial of a given set of numbers
MUNIT Returns the unit matrix for a specified dimension (New in Excel 2013)
N
N Converts a non-number value to a number, a date to a serial number, the logical value TRUE to 1 and all other values to 0
NA Returns the Excel #N/A error
NEGBINOMDIST Returns the negative binomial distribution (Replaced by Negbinom.Dist function in Excel 2010)
NEGBINOM.DIST Returns the negative binomial distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Negbinomdist function)
NETWORKDAYS Returns the number of whole networkdays (excluding weekends & holidays), between two supplied dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL Returns the number of whole networkdays (excluding weekends & holidays), between two supplied dates, using parameters to specify weekend days (New in Excel 2010)
NOMINAL Calculates the annual nominal interest rate
NORMDIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.Dist function in Excel 2010)
NORM.DIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Normdist function)
NORMINV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.Inv function in Excel 2010)
NORM.INV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Norminv function)
NORMSDIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.S.Dist function in Excel 2010)
NORM.S.DIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Normsdist function)
NORMSINV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.S.Inv function in Excel 2010)
NORM.S.INV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Normsinv function)
NOT Returns a logical value that is the opposite of a user supplied logical value or expression
(i.e. returns FALSE is the supplied argument is TRUE and returns TRUE if the supplied argument is FALSE)
NOW Returns the current date & time
NPER Returns the number of periods for an investment with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
NPV Calculates the net present value of an investment, based on a supplied discount rate, and a series of future payments and income
NUMBERVALUE Converts text to a number, in a locale-independent way (New in Excel 2013)
O
OCT2BIN Converts octal number to binary
OCT2DEC Converts octal number to a decimal
OCT2HEX Converts octal number to hexadecimal
ODD Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to the next odd number
ODDFPRICE Calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD Calculates the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE Calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD Calculates the yield of a security with an odd last period
OFFSET Returns a reference to a range of cells that is a specified number of rows and columns from an initial supplied range
OR Tests a number of user-defined conditions and returns TRUE if ANY of the conditions evaluate to TRUE, or FALSE otherwise
P
PDURATION Calculates the number of periods required for an investment to reach a specified value (New in Excel 2013)
PEARSON Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE Returns the k'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where k is in the range 0 - 1 (inclusive) (Replaced by Percentile.Inc function in Excel 2010)
PERCENTILE.EXC Returns the k'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where k is in the range 0 - 1 (exclusive) (New in Excel 2010)
PERCENTILE.INC Returns the k'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where k is in the range 0 - 1 (inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Percentile function)
PERCENTRANK Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 inclusive) (Replaced by Percentrank.Inc function in Excel 2010)
PERCENTRANK.EXC Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 exclusive) (New in Excel 2010)
PERCENTRANK.INC Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Percentrank function)
PERMUT Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PERMUTATIONA Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects (New in Excel 2013)
PHI Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution, for a supplied number (New in Excel 2013)
PI Returns the constant value of pi
PMT Calculates the payments required to reduce a loan, from a supplied present value to a specified future value
POISSON Returns the Poisson distribution (Replaced by Poisson.Dist function in Excel 2010)
POISSON.DIST Returns the Poisson distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Poisson function)
POWER Returns the result of a given number raised to a supplied power
PPMT Calculates the payment on the principal for a given investment, with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
PRICE Calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC Calculates the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT Calculates the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PROB Returns the probablity that values in a supplied range are within given limits
PRODUCT Returns the product of a supplied list of numbers
PROPER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to proper case (i.e. letters that do not follow another letter are upper case and all other characters are lower case)
PV Calculates the present value of an investment (i.e. the total amount that a series of future payments is worth now)
Q
QUARTILE Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (inclusive) (Replaced by Quartile.Inc function in Excel 2010)
QUARTILE.EXC Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (exclusive) (New in Excel 2010)
QUARTILE.INC Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Quartile function)
QUOTIENT Returns the integer portion of a division between two supplied numbers
R
RAND Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN Returns a random number between two given integers
RANK Returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values (Replaced by Rank.Eq function in Excel 2010)
RANK.AVG Returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values (if more than one value has same rank, the average rank is returned) (New in Excel 2010)
RANK.EQ Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (if more than one value has same rank, the top rank of that set is returned) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Rank function)
RATE Calculates the interest rate required to pay off a specified amount of a loan, or reach a target amount on an investment over a given period
RECEIVED Calculates the amount received at maturity for a fully invested Security
REPLACE Replaces all or part of a text string with another string (from a user supplied position)
REPT Returns a string consisting of a supplied text string, repeated a specified number of times
RIGHT Returns a specified number of characters from the end of a supplied text string
ROMAN Returns a text string depicting the roman numeral for a given number
ROUND Rounds a number up or down, to a given number of digits
ROUNDDOWN Rounds a number towards zero, (i.e. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to a given number of digits
ROUNDUP Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to a given number of digits
ROW Returns the row number of a supplied range, or of the current cell
ROWS Returns the number of rows in a supplied range
RRI Calculates an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment (New in Excel 2013)
RSQ Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
RTD Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation
S
SEARCH Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (non-case-sensitive)
SEC Returns the secant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
SECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
SECOND Returns the seconds part of a user-supplied time
SERIESSUM Returns the sum of a power series
SHEET Returns the sheet number relating to a supplied reference (New in Excel 2013)
SHEETS Returns the number of sheets in a reference (New in Excel 2013)
SIGN Returns the sign (+1, -1 or 0) of a supplied number
SIN Returns the Sine of a given angle
SINH Returns the Hyperbolic Sine of a number
SKEW Returns the skewness of a distribution
SKEW.P Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population (New in Excel 2013)
SLN Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SLOPE Returns the slope of the linear regression line through a supplied series of x- and y- values
SMALL Returns the kth smallest value from a list of supplied numbers, for a given value k
SQRT Returns the positive square root of a given number
SQRTPI Returns the square root of a supplied number multiplied by pi
STANDARDIZE Returns a normalized value
STDEV Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (Replaced by Stdev.S function in Excel 2010)
STDEVA Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
STDEVP Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (Replaced by Stdev.P function in Excel 2010)
STDEVPA Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
STDEV.P Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Stdevp function)
STDEV.S Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Stdev function)
STEYX Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression line for a set of supplied x- and y- values
SUBSTITUTE Substitutes all occurrences of a search text string, within an original text string, with the supplied replacement text
SUBTOTAL Performs a specified calculation (e.g. the sum, product, average, etc.) for a supplied set of values
SUM Returns the sum of a supplied list of numbers
SUMIF Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy a given criteria
SUMIFS Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria (New in Excel 2007)
SUMPRODUCT Returns the sum of the products of corresponding values in two or more supplied arrays
SUMSQ Returns the sum of the squares of a supplied list of numbers
SUMX2MY2 Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays
SUMX2PY2 Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays
SUMXMY2 Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two supplied arrays
SWITCH Compares a number of supplied values to a supplied test expression and returns a result corresponding to the first value that matches the test expression (New in Excel 2019)
SYD Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
T
T Tests whether a supplied value is text and if so, returns the supplied text; If not, returns an empty text string
TAN Returns the Tangent of a given angle
TANH Returns the Hyperbolic Tangent of a given number
TBILLEQ Calculates the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill
TBILLPRICE Calculates the price per \$100 face value for a treasury bill
TBILLYIELD Calculates the yield for a treasury bill
TDIST Returns the Student's T-distribution (Replaced by T.Dist.2t & T.Dist.Rt functions in Excel 2010)
T.DIST Returns the Student's T-distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010)
T.DIST.2T Returns the two-tailed Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Tdist function)
T.DIST.RT Returns the right-tailed Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Tdist function)
TEXT Converts a supplied value into text, using a user-specified format
TEXTJOIN Joins together two or more text strings, separated by a delimiter (New in Excel 2019)
TIME Returns a time, from a user-supplied hour, minute and second
TIMEVALUE Converts a text string showing a time, to a decimal that represents the time in Excel
TINV Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (Replaced by T.Inv.2t function in Excel 2010)
T.INV Returns the left-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010)
T.INV.2T Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Tinv function)
TODAY Returns today's date
TRANSPOSE Performs a transpose transformation on a range of cells (i.e. transforms a horizontal range of cells into a vertical range and vice versa)
TREND Calculates the trend line through a given set of y-values and returns additional y-values for a supplied set of new x-values
TRIM Removes duplicate spaces, and spaces at the start and end of a text string
TRIMMEAN Returns the mean of the interior of a supplied set of values
TRUE Simply returns the logical value TRUE
TRUNC Truncates a number towards zero (i.e. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to the next integer.
TTEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's T-Test (Replaced by T.Test function in Excel 2010)
T.TEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's T-Test (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Ttest function)
TYPE Returns information about the data type of a supplied value
U
UNICHAR Returns the Unicode character that is referenced by the given numeric value (New in Excel 2013)
UNICODE Returns the number (code point) corresponding to the first character of a supplied text string (New in Excel 2013)
UPPER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to upper case
V
VALUE Converts a text string into a numeric value
VAR Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (Replaced by Var.S function in Excel 2010)
VARA Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
VARP Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (Replaced by Var.P function in Excel 2010)
VARPA Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
VAR.P Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Varp function)
VAR.S Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Var function)
VDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, (including partial periods), using the double-declining balance method or another user-specified method
VLOOKUP Looks up a supplied value in the first column of a table, and returns the corresponding value from another column
W
WEBSERVICE Returns data from a web service on the Internet or Intranet (New in Excel 2013)
WEEKDAY Returns an integer representing the day of the week for a supplied date
WEEKNUM Returns an integer representing the week number (from 1 to 53) of the year from a user-supplied date
WEIBULL Returns the Weibull distribution (Replaced by Weibull.Dist function in Excel 2010)
WEIBULL.DIST Returns the Weibull distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Weibull function)
WORKDAY Returns a date that is a supplied number of working days (excluding weekends & holidays) ahead of a given start date
WORKDAY.INTL Returns a date that is a supplied number of working days (excluding weekends & holidays) ahead of a given start date, using supplied parameters to specify weekend days (New in Excel 2010)
X
XIRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows
XNPV Calculates the net present value for a schedule of cash flows
XOR Returns a logical Exclusive Or of all arguments (New in Excel 2013)
Y
YEAR Returns the year from a user-supplied date
YEARFRAC Calculates the fraction of the year represented by the number of whole days between two dates
YIELD Calculates the yield of a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC Calculates the annual yield of a discounted security
YIELDMAT Calculates the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
Z
ZTEST Returns the one-tailed probability value of a z-test (Replaced by Z.Test function in Excel 2010)
Z.TEST Returns the one-tailed probability value of a z-test (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Ztest function)