The Excel AVEDEV Function

Average Deviation

The Average Deviation, like the Standard Deviation, is a measurement of the deviation of a set of points from their average.

The Average Deviation is calculated by the following equation:

Average Deviation Equation


  • x takes on each value in the set;
  • x is the average of the set of values;
  • n is the number of values.
Related Functions:
DEVSQ Function
STDEV Function

Function Description

The Excel AVEDEV function calculates the average deviation of a supplied set of values.

The syntax of the function is:

AVEDEV( number1, [number2], ... )

where the number arguments are one or more numeric values (or arrays of numeric values) that you want to find the average deviation of.

If you are using a recent version of Excel (Excel 2007 or a later), you can enter up to 255 number arguments to the Avedev function. However, in Excel 2003, the function can only accept up to 30 number arguments.

Note that the Avedev function ignores logical values and text values (including text representations of numbers) if these are supplied as part of an array. However, the function does count text representations of numbers and logical values that are supplied directly to the function as individual number arguments.

Avedev Function Example

Example of use of the Excel Avedev Function

A company keeps a record of its monthly sales figures, over three years. These are stored in cells B3-B14, D3-D14 and F3-F14 of the above spreadsheet on the right.

The average deviation of the three years' sales figures is calculated in cell H3 of the spreadsheet. As shown in the formula bar, the formula for this is:

=AVEDEV( B3:B14, D3:D14, F3:F14 )

As shown in cell H3, the average deviation for the 3 years of sales figures is calculated to be 2,027.78.

Other Argument Types

In the example above, the arguments to the Avedev function are input as 3 cell ranges. However, you can also input figures directly, as individual numbers or number arrays.

For example, if, during January and February 2010 the sales figures are 13,000 and 14,500, you could add these directly into the above function as follows:

Either as individual numbers:

=AVEDEV( B3:B14, D3:D14, F3:F14, 13000, 14500 )

Or, as an array of numbers:

=AVEDEV( B3:B14, D3:D14, F3:F14, {13000, 14500} )

This gives the updated average deviation value of 1,973.68.

For further information and examples of the Excel Avedev function, see the Microsoft Office website.

Avedev Function Errors

If you get an error from the Excel Avedev function this is likely to be one of the following:

Common Errors
#DIV/0! -

Occurs if none of the values supplied to the function are numeric.

(Note that text representations of numbers, that are supplied as a part of an array, are not treated as numeric values by the Avedev function).
#VALUE! - Occurs if any of the number arguments that are supplied directly to the Avedev function are text strings that cannot be interpreted as numbers.