Built-In Excel Functions List

This page lists the current, built-in Excel Functions, grouped by category. If you know the name of the function you are interested in, you may prefer to select from the alphabetical functions list. Alternatively, select from the groups of functions below, to go to a full function description, including examples of use, related tips & tricks and common errors.

Excel Built-In Function Categories:
Text Functions Logical Functions
Information Functions Date and Time Functions
Lookup and Reference Functions Math and Trig Functions
Statistical Functions Database Functions
Financial Functions Engineering Functions
Cube Functions Web Functions

Excel Text Functions

Functions to Remove Extra Characters
CLEAN Removes all non-printable characters from a supplied text string
TRIM Removes duplicate spaces, and spaces at the start and end of a text string
Functions to Convert Excel Data Types
BAHTTEXT Converts a number, plus the suffix "Baht" into Thai text
DOLLAR Converts a supplied number into text, using a currency format
FIXED Rounds a supplied number to a specified number of decimal places, and then converts this into text
TEXT Converts a supplied value into text, using a user-specified format
VALUE Converts a text string into a numeric value
NUMBERVALUE Converts text to a number, in a locale-independent way (New in Excel 2013)
Functions to Convert Between Upper & Lower Case
LOWER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to lower case
PROPER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to proper case (i.e. letters that do not follow another letter are upper case and all other characters are lower case)
UPPER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to upper case
Replacing / Substituting Parts of a Text String
REPLACE Replaces all or part of a text string with another string (from a user supplied position)
SUBSTITUTE Substitutes all occurrences of a search text string, within an original text string, with the supplied replacement text
Cutting Up & Piecing Together Text Strings
CONCATENATE Joins together two or more text strings
LEFT Returns a specified number of characters from the start of a supplied text string
MID Returns a specified number of characters from the middle of a supplied text string
RIGHT Returns a specified number of characters from the end of a supplied text string
REPT Returns a string consisting of a supplied text string, repeated a specified number of times
Information Functions
LEN Returns the length of a supplied text string
FIND Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (case-sensitive)
SEARCH Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (non-case-sensitive)
EXACT Tests if two supplied text strings are exactly the same and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE. (case-sensitive)
T Tests whether a supplied value is text and if so, returns the supplied text; If not, returns an empty text string.
Converting Between Characters & Numeric Codes
CHAR Returns the character that corresponds to a supplied numeric value
CODE Returns the numeric code for the first character of a supplied string
UNICHAR Returns the Unicode character that is referenced by the given numeric value (New in Excel 2013)
UNICODE Returns the number (code point) corresponding to the first character of a supplied text string (New in Excel 2013)


Excel Logical Functions

Boolean Operator Functions
AND Tests a number of user-defined conditions and returns TRUE if ALL of the conditions evaluate to TRUE, or FALSE otherwise
OR Tests a number of user-defined conditions and returns TRUE if ANY of the conditions evaluate to TRUE, or FALSE otherwise
XOR Returns a logical Exclusive Or of all arguments (New in Excel 2013)
NOT Returns a logical value that is the opposite of a user supplied logical value or expression
(ie. returns FALSE is the supplied argument is TRUE and returns TRUE if the supplied argument is FALSE)
Conditional Functions
IF Tests a user-defined condition and returns one result if the condition is TRUE, and another result if the condition is FALSE
IFERROR Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error, and if so the function returns a supplied value; Otherwise the function returns the initial value. (New in Excel 2007)
IFNA Tests if an expression returns the #N/A error and if so, returns an alternative specified value; Otherwise the function returns the value of the supplied expression (New in Excel 2013)
Functions Returning Constant Values
TRUE Simply returns the logical value TRUE
FALSE Simply returns the logical value FALSE


Excel Information Functions

Error Information Functions
ISERROR Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE
ISERR Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error (EXCEPT for the #N/A error) and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE
ISNA Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns the Excel #N/A error and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE
ERROR.TYPE Tests a supplied value and returns an integer relating to the supplied value's error type
Numerical Information Functions
ISNUMBER Tests if a supplied value is a number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE.
ISEVEN Tests if a supplied number (or expression) is an even number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE.
ISODD Tests if a supplied number (or expression) is an odd number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE.
N Converts a non-number value to a number, a date to a serial number, the logical value TRUE to 1 and all other values to 0
Function Returning a Constant Value
NA Returns the Excel #N/A error
Other Data Type Functions
ISBLANK Tests if a supplied cell is blank (empty), and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISLOGICAL Tests if a supplied value is a logical value, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISTEXT Tests if a supplied value is text, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISNONTEXT Tests if a supplied value is text, and if it is NOT, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISREF Tests if a supplied value is a reference, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE
ISFORMULA Tests if a supplied cell contains a formula and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE (New in Excel 2013)
TYPE Returns information about the data type of a supplied value
General Information Functions
CELL Returns information about the contents, formatting or location of a given cell
SHEET Returns the sheet number relating to a supplied reference (New in Excel 2013)
SHEETS Returns the number of sheets in a reference (New in Excel 2013)
INFO Returns information about the the current operating environment


Excel Date and Time Functions

Before using the Date and Time Excel Functions, it is advised that you ensure you have a clear understanding of the way Excel stores Dates and Times - For details, see the Excel Dates and Times pages.

Creating Dates & Times
DATE Returns a date, from a user-supplied year, month and day
TIME Returns a time, from a user-supplied hour, minute and second
DATEVALUE Converts a text string showing a date, to an integer that represents the date in Excel's date-time code
TIMEVALUE Converts a text string showing a time, to a decimal that represents the time in Excel
Current Date & Time
NOW Returns the current date & time
TODAY Returns today's date
Extracting The Components of a Time
HOUR Returns the hour part of a user-supplied time
MINUTE Returns the minute part of a user-supplied time
SECOND Returns the seconds part of a user-supplied time
Extracting The Components of a Date
DAY Returns the day (of the month) from a user-supplied date
MONTH Returns the month from a user-supplied date
YEAR Returns the year from a user-supplied date
WEEKNUM Returns an integer representing the week number (from 1 to 53) of the year from a user-supplied date
ISOWEEKNUM Returns the ISO week number of the year for a given date (New in Excel 2013)
WEEKDAY Returns an integer representing the day of the week for a supplied date
Performing Calculations with Dates
EDATE Returns a date that is the specified number of months before or after an initial supplied start date
EOMONTH Returns a date that is the last day of the month which is a specified number of months before or after an initial supplied start date
WORKDAY Returns a date that is a supplied number of working days (excluding weekends & holidays) ahead of a given start date
WORKDAY.INTL Returns a date that is a supplied number of working days (excluding weekends & holidays) ahead of a given start date, using supplied parameters to specify weekend days (New in Excel 2010)
DAYS Calculates the number of days between 2 dates (New in Excel 2013)
DAYS360 Calculates the number of days between 2 dates, based on a 360-day year (12 x 30 months)
NETWORKDAYS Returns the number of whole networkdays (excluding weekends & holidays), between two supplied dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL Returns the number of whole networkdays (excluding weekends & holidays), between two supplied dates, using parameters to specify weekend days (New in Excel 2010)
YEARFRAC Calculates the fraction of the year represented by the number of whole days between two dates


Excel Lookup and Reference Functions

Data Lookup Functions
HLOOKUP Looks up a supplied value in the first row of a table, and returns the corresponding value from another row
VLOOKUP Looks up a supplied value in the first column of a table, and returns the corresponding value from another column
LOOKUP Searches for a specific value in one data vector, and returns a value from the corresponding position of a second data vector
GETPIVOTDATA Extracts data stored in a Pivot Table
CHOOSE Returns one of a list of values, depending on the value of a supplied index number
MATCH Finds the relative position of a value in a supplied array
Row / Column / Area Information
ROW Returns the row number of a supplied range, or of the current cell
COLUMN Returns the column number of a supplied range, or of the current cell
ROWS Returns the number of rows in a supplied range
COLUMNS Returns the number of columns in a supplied range
AREAS Returns the number of areas in a supplied range
Functions To Return References to Cell Ranges
ADDRESS Returns a reference, in text format, for a supplied row and column number
INDEX Returns a reference to a cell (or range of cells) for requested rows and columns within a supplied range
INDIRECT Returns a cell or range reference that is represented by a supplied text string
OFFSET Returns a reference to a range of cells that is a specified number of rows and columns from an initial supplied range
Other
HYPERLINK Creates a hyperlink to a document in a supplied location.
TRANSPOSE Performs a transpose transformation on a range of cells (ie. transforms a horizontal range of cells into a vertical range and vice versa)
RTD Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation
FORMULATEXT Returns a formula as a string (New in Excel 2013)


Excel Math and Trig Functions

Basic Numeric Information
ABS Returns the absolute value (ie. the modulus) of a supplied number
SIGN Returns the sign (+1, -1 or 0) of a supplied number
GCD Returns the Greatest Common Divisor of two or more supplied numbers
LCM Returns the Least Common Multiple of two or more supplied numbers
Basic Mathematical Operations
SUM Returns the sum of a supplied list of numbers
PRODUCT Returns the product of a supplied list of numbers
POWER Returns the result of a given number raised to a supplied power
SQRT Returns the positive square root of a given number
QUOTIENT Returns the integer portion of a division between two supplied numbers
MOD Returns the remainder from a division between two supplied numbers
AGGREGATE Performs a specified calculation (eg. the sum, product, average, etc.) for a list or database, with the option to ignore hidden rows and error values (New in Excel 2010)
SUBTOTAL Performs a specified calculation (eg. the sum, product, average, etc.) for a supplied set of values
Rounding Functions
CEILING Rounds a number away from zero (ie. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to a multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE Rounds a number up, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance (New in Excel 2010)
ISO.CEILING Rounds a number up, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance. (New in Excel 2010)
CEILING.MATH Rounds a number up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance (New in Excel 2013)
EVEN Rounds a number away from zero (ie. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to the next even number
FLOOR Rounds a number towards zero, (ie. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to a multiple of significance
FLOOR.PRECISE Rounds a number down, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance (New in Excel 2010)
FLOOR.MATH Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance (New in Excel 2013)
INT Rounds a number down to the next integer
MROUND Rounds a number up or down, to the nearest multiple of significance
ODD Rounds a number away from zero (ie. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to the next odd number
ROUND Rounds a number up or down, to a given number of digits
ROUNDDOWN Rounds a number towards zero, (ie. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to a given number of digits
ROUNDUP Rounds a number away from zero (ie. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to a given number of digits
TRUNC Truncates a number towards zero (ie. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to the next integer.
Matrix Functions
MDETERM Returns the matrix determinant of a supplied array
MINVERSE Returns the matrix inverse of a supplied array
MMULT Returns the matrix product of two supplied arrays
MUNIT Returns the unit matrix for a specified dimension (New in Excel 2013)
Random Numbers
RAND Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN Returns a random number between two given integers
Conditional Sums
SUMIF Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy a given criteria
SUMIFS Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria (New in Excel 2007)
Advanced Mathematical Operations
SUMPRODUCT Returns the sum of the products of corresponding values in two or more supplied arrays
SUMSQ Returns the sum of the squares of a supplied list of numbers
SUMX2MY2 Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays
SUMX2PY2 Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays
SUMXMY2 Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two supplied arrays
SERIESSUM Returns the sum of a power series
Trigonometry Functions
PI Returns the constant value of pi
SQRTPI Returns the square root of a supplied number multiplied by pi
DEGREES Converts Radians to Degrees
RADIANS Converts Degrees to Radians
COS Returns the Cosine of a given angle
ACOS Returns the Arccosine of a number
COSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
ACOSH Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
SEC Returns the secant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
SECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
SIN Returns the Sine of a given angle
ASIN Returns the Arcsine of a number
SINH Returns the Hyperbolic Sine of a number
ASINH Returns the Inverse Hyperbolic Sine of a number
CSC Returns the cosecant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
CSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
TAN Returns the Tangent of a given angle
ATAN Returns the Arctangent of a given number
ATAN2 Returns the Arctangent of a given pair of x and y coordinates
TANH Returns the Hyperbolic Tangent of a given number
ATANH Returns the Inverse Hyperbolic Tangent of a given number
COT Returns the cotangent of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
COTH Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of an angle (New in Excel 2013)
ACOT Returns the arccotangent of a number (New in Excel 2013)
ACOTH Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number (New in Excel 2013)
Exponentials & Logarithms
EXP Returns e raised to a given power
LN Returns the natural logarithm of a given number
LOG Returns the logarithm of a given number, to a specified base
LOG10 Returns the base 10 logarithm of a given number
Factorials
FACT Returns the Factorial of a given number
FACTDOUBLE Returns the Double Factorial of a given number
MULTINOMIAL Returns the Multinomial of a given set of numbers
Miscellaneous
BASE Converts a number into a text representation, with the supplied base (New in Excel 2013)
DECIMAL Converts a text representation of a number in a specified base into a decimal number (New in Excel 2013)
COMBIN Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMBINA Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items (New in Excel 2013)
ARABIC Converts a Roman numeral to an Arabic numeral (New in Excel 2013)
ROMAN Returns a text string depicting the roman numeral for a given number


Excel Statistical Functions

Finding the Largest & Smallest Values
MAX Returns the largest value from a list of supplied numbers
MAXA Returns the largest value from a list of supplied values, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
MIN Returns the smallest value from a list of supplied numbers
MINA Returns the smallest value from a list of supplied values, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
LARGE Returns the Kth LARGEST value from a list of supplied numbers, for a given value K
SMALL Returns the Kth SMALLEST value from a list of supplied numbers, for a given value K
Counting Cells
COUNT Returns the number of numerical values in a supplied set of cells or values
COUNTA Returns the number of non-blanks in a supplied set of cells or values
COUNTBLANK Returns the number of blank cells in a supplied range
COUNTIF Returns the number of cells (of a supplied range), that satisfy a given criteria
COUNTIFS Returns the number of cells (of a supplied range), that satisfy a set of given criteria (New in Excel 2007)
Averages, Frequency & Rank
AVERAGE Returns the Average of a list of supplied numbers
AVERAGEA Returns the Average of a list of supplied numbers, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
AVERAGEIF Calculates the Average of the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy a given criteria (New in Excel 2007)
AVERAGEIFS Calculates the Average of the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria (New in Excel 2007)
MEDIAN Returns the Median (the middle value) of a list of supplied numbers
MODE Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (Replaced by MODE.SNGL function in Excel 2010)
MODE.SNGL Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (New in Excel 2010 - replaces MODE function)
MODE.MULT Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring values in an array or range of data (New in Excel 2010)
GEOMEAN Returns the geometric mean of a set of supplied numbers
HARMEAN Returns the harmonic mean of a set of supplied numbers
TRIMMEAN Returns the mean of the interior of a supplied set of values
FREQUENCY Returns an array showing the number of values from a supplied array, which fall into specified ranges
RANK Returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values (Replaced by RANK.EQ function in Excel 2010)
RANK.EQ Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (if more than one value has same rank, the top rank of that set is returned) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces RANK function)
RANK.AVG Returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values (if more than one value has same rank, the average rank is returned) (New in Excel 2010)
KURT Returns the kurtosis of a data set
PERCENTILE Returns the K'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where K is in the range 0 - 1 (inclusive) (Replaced by PERCENTILE.INC function in Excel 2010)
PERCENTILE.INC Returns the K'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where K is in the range 0 - 1 (inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces PERCENTILE function)
PERCENTILE.EXC Returns the K'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where K is in the range 0 - 1 (exclusive) (New in Excel 2010)
PERCENTRANK Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 inclusive) (Replaced by PERCENTRANK.INC function in Excel 2010)
PERCENTRANK.INC Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces PERCENTRANK function)
PERCENTRANK.EXC Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 exclusive) (New in Excel 2010)
QUARTILE Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (inclusive) (Replaced by QUARTILE.INC function in Excel 2010)
QUARTILE.INC Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces QUARTILE function)
QUARTILE.EXC Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (exclusive) (New in Excel 2010)
Deviation & Variance
AVEDEV Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
STDEV Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (Replaced by STDEV.S function in Excel 2010)
STDEV.S Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces STDEV function)
STDEVA Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
STDEVP Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (Replaced by STDEV.P function in Excel 2010)
STDEV.P Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces STDEVP function)
STDEVPA Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
VAR Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (Replaced by VAR.S function in Excel 2010)
VAR.S Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces VAR function)
VARA Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
VARP Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (Replaced by VAR.P function in Excel 2010)
VAR.P Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces VARP function)
VARPA Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1
COVAR Returns population covariance (ie. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (Replaced by COVARIANCE.P function in Excel 2010)
COVARIANCE.P Returns population covariance (ie. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces COVAR function)
COVARIANCE.S Returns sample covariance (ie. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (New in Excel 2010)
CONFIDENCE Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution (Replaced by CONFIDENCE.NORM function in Excel 2010)
CONFIDENCE.NORM Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces CONFIDENCE function)
CONFIDENCE.T Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution (New in Excel 2010)
DEVSQ Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations of a set of data points from their sample mean
Trend Line Functions
FORECAST Predicts a future point on a linear trend line fitted to a supplied set of x- and y- values
INTERCEPT Calculates the best fit regression line, through a supplied series of x- and y- values and returns the value at which this line intercepts the y-axis
LINEST Returns statistical information describing the trend of the line of best fit, through a supplied series of x- and y- values
SLOPE Returns the slope of the linear regression line through a supplied series of x- and y- values
TREND Calculates the trend line through a given set of y-values and returns additional y-values for a supplied set of new x-values
GROWTH Returns numbers in a exponential growth trend, based on a set of supplied x- and y- values
LOGEST Returns the parameters of an exponential trend for a supplied set of x- and y- values
STEYX Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression line for a set of supplied x- and y- values
Miscellaneous
PERMUT Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PERMUTATIONA Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects (New in Excel 2013)
Distribution & Tests of Probability
BETADIST Returns the cumulative beta probability density function (Replaced by BETA.DIST function in Excel 2010)
BETA.DIST Returns the cumulative beta distribution function or the beta probability density function (New in Excel 2010 - replaces BETADIST function)
BETAINV Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function (Replaced by BETA.INV function in Excel 2010)
BETA.INV Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function (New in Excel 2010 - replaces BETAINV function)
BINOMDIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability (Replaced by BINOM.DIST function in Excel 2010)
BINOM.DIST Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability (New in Excel 2010 - replaces BINOMDIST function)
BINOM.DIST.RANGE Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution (New in Excel 2013)
NEGBINOMDIST Returns the negative binomial distribution (Replaced by NEGBINOM.DIST function in Excel 2010)
NEGBINOM.DIST Returns the negative binomial distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces NEGBINOMDIST function)
CRITBINOM Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value (Replaced by BINOM.INV function in Excel 2010)
BINOM.INV Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value (New in Excel 2010 - replaces CRITBINOM function)
CHIDIST Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (Replaced by CHISQ.DIST.RT function in Excel 2010)
CHISQ.DIST.RT Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces CHIDIST function)
CHISQ.DIST Returns the chi-squared distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010)
CHIINV Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (Replaced by CHISQ.INV.RT function in Excel 2010)
CHISQ.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces CHIINV function)
CHISQ.INV Returns the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010)
CHITEST Returns the chi-squared statistical test for independence (Replaced by CHISQ.TEST function in Excel 2010)
CHISQ.TEST Returns the chi-squared statistical test for independence (New in Excel 2010 - replaces CHITEST function)
CORREL Returns the correlation coefficient between two sets of values
EXPONDIST Returns the exponential distribution (Replaced by EXPON.DIST function in Excel 2010)
EXPON.DIST Returns the exponential distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces EXPONDIST function)
FDIST Returns the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (Replaced by F.DIST.RT function in Excel 2010)
F.DIST.RT Returns the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces FDIST function)
F.DIST Returns the F probability distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010)
FINV Returns the inverse of the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (Replaced by F.INV.RT function in Excel 2010)
F.INV.RT Returns the inverse of the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces FINV function)
F.INV Returns the inverse of the Cumulative F distribution (New in Excel 2010)
FISHER Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FTEST Returns the result of an F-Test for 2 supplied data sets (Replaced by F.TEST function in Excel 2010)
F.TEST Returns the result of an F-Test for 2 supplied data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces FTEST function)
GAMMADIST Returns the gamma distribution (Replaced by GAMMA.DIST function in Excel 2010)
GAMMA.DIST Returns the gamma distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces GAMMADIST function)
GAMMAINV Returns the inverse gamma cumulative distribution (Replaced by GAMMA.INV function in Excel 2010)
GAMMA.INV Returns the inverse gamma cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces GAMMAINV function)
GAMMALN Calculates the natural logarithm of the gamma function for a supplied value
GAMMALN.PRECISE Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function for a supplied value (New in Excel 2010)
GAMMA Return the gamma function value for a supplied number (New in Excel 2013)
GAUSS Calculates the probability that a member of a standard normal population will fall between the mean and z standard deviations from the mean (New in Excel 2013)
HYPGEOMDIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution (Replaced by HYPGEOM.DIST function in Excel 2010)
HYPGEOM.DIST Returns the hypergeometric distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces HYPGEOMDIST function)
LOGNORMDIST Returns the cumulative log-normal distribution (Replaced by LOGNORM.DIST function in Excel 2010)
LOGNORM.DIST Returns the log-normal probability density function or the cumulative log- normal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces LOGNORMDIST function)
LOGINV Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution (Replaced by LOGNORM.INV function in Excel 2010)
LOGNORM.INV Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces LOGINV function)
NORMDIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by NORM.DIST function in Excel 2010)
NORM.DIST Returns the normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces NORMDIST function)
NORMINV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by NORM.INV function in Excel 2010)
NORM.INV Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces NORMINV function)
NORMSDIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by NORM.S.DIST function in Excel 2010)
NORM.S.DIST Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces NORMSDIST function)
NORMSINV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by NORM.S.INV function in Excel 2010)
NORM.S.INV Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces NORMSINV function)
PEARSON Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
RSQ Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PHI Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution, for a supplied number (New in Excel 2013)
POISSON Returns the Poisson distribution (Replaced by POISSON.DIST function in Excel 2010)
POISSON.DIST Returns the Poisson distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces POISSON function)
PROB Returns the probablity that values in a supplied range are within given limits
SKEW Returns the skewness of a distribution
SKEW.P Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population (New in Excel 2013)
STANDARDIZE Returns a normalized value
TDIST Returns the Student's T-distribution (Replaced by T.DIST.2T & T.DIST.RT functions in Excel 2010)
T.DIST.2T Returns the two-tailed Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces TDIST function)
T.DIST.RT Returns the right-tailed Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces TDIST function)
T.DIST Returns the Student's T-distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010)
TINV Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (Replaced by T.INV.2T function in Excel 2010)
T.INV.2T Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces TINV function)
T.INV Returns the left-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010)
TTEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's T-Test (Replaced by T.TEST function in Excel 2010)
T.TEST Returns the probability associated with a Student's T-Test (New in Excel 2010 - replaces TTEST function)
WEIBULL Returns the Weibull distribution (Replaced by WEIBULL.DIST function in Excel 2010)
WEIBULL.DIST Returns the Weibull distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces WEIBULL function)
ZTEST Returns the one-tailed probability value of a z-test (Replaced by Z.TEST function in Excel 2010)
Z.TEST Returns the one-tailed probability value of a z-test (New in Excel 2010 - replaces ZTEST function)


Excel Database Functions

Database Functions
DAVERAGE Calculates the average of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DCOUNT Returns the number of cells containing numbers in a field of a list or database that satisfy specified conditions
DCOUNTA Returns the number of non-blank cells in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DGET Returns a single value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DMAX Returns the maximum value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions

DMIN Returns the minimum value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions

Database Functions
DPRODUCT Calculates the product of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DSTDEV Calculates the standard deviation (based on a sample of a population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DSTDEVP Calculates the standard deviation (based on an entire population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DSUM Calculates the sum of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DVAR Calculates the variance (based on a sample of a population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions
DVARP Calculates the variance (based on an entire population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions


Excel Financial Functions

Investment Value Functions
FV Calculates the future value of an investment with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
FVSCHEDULE Calculates the future value of an initial principal, after applying a series of compound interest rates
NPV Calculates the net present value of an investment, based on a supplied discount rate, and a series of future payments and income
PV Calculates the present value of an investment (ie. the total amount that a series of future payments is worth now)
RECEIVED Calculates the amount received at maturity for a fully invested Security
XNPV Calculates the net present value for a schedule of cash flows
Payment Functions
CUMIPMT Calculates the cumulative interest paid between two specified periods
CUMPRINC Calculates the cumulative principal paid on a loan, between two specified periods
IPMT Calculates the interest payment for a given period of an investment, with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
ISPMT Returns the interest paid during a specified period of an investment
PMT Calculates the payments required to reduce a loan, from a supplied present value to a specified future value
PPMT Calculates the payment on the principal for a given investment, with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
Duration Functions
COUPDAYBS Calculates the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS Calculates the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC Calculates the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD Returns the previous coupon date, before the settlement date
DURATION Calculates the Macauley duration of a security with an assumed par value of $100
MDURATION Calculates the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100
NPER Returns the number of periods for an investment with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate
PDURATION Calculates the number of periods required for an investment to reach a specified value (New in Excel 2013)
Yield Functions
YIELD Calculates the yield of a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC Calculates the annual yield of a discounted security
YIELDMAT Calculates the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
ODDFYIELD Calculates the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLYIELD Calculates the yield of a security with an odd last period
TBILLEQ Calculates the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill
TBILLYIELD Calculates the yield for a treasury bill
Internal Rate of Return Functions
IRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
MIRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a series of periodic cash flows, considering the cost of the investment and the interest on the reinvestment of cash
XIRR Calculates the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows
Asset Depreciation Functions
AMORDEGRC Calculates the prorated linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period (with depreciation coefficient applied, depending on the life of the asset)
AMORLINC Calculates the prorated linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period
DB Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the fixed-declining balance method
DDB Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the double-declining balance method, or some other user-specified method
SLN Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SYD Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
VDB Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, (including partial periods), using the double-declining balance method or another user-specified method
Interest Rate Functions
ACCRINT Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
DISC Calculates the discount rate for a security
EFFECT Calculates the effective annual interest rate
INTRATE Calculates the interest rate for a fully invested security
NOMINAL Calculates the annual nominal interest rate
RATE Calculates the interest rate required to pay off a specified amount of a loan, or reach a target amount on an investment over a given period
RRI Calculates an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment (New in Excel 2013)
Dollar Conversion
DOLLARDE Converts a dollar price expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price expressed as a decimal
DOLLARFR Converts a dollar price expressed as a decimal, into a dollar price expressed as a fraction
Price Functions
PRICE Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC Calculates the price per $100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
ODDFPRICE Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period
TBILLPRICE Calculates the price per $100 face value for a treasury bill


Excel Engineering Functions

Converting Between Units of Measurement
CONVERT Converts a number from one measurement system to another
Bessel Functions
BESSELI Calculates the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ Calculates the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK Calculates the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY Calculates the modified Bessel function Yn(x)
Converting Between Bases
BIN2DEC Converts a binary number to a decimal
BIN2HEX Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT Converts a binary number to octal
DEC2BIN Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT Converts a decimal number to octal
HEX2BIN Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC Converts a hexadecimal number to a decimal
HEX2OCT Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
OCT2BIN Converts octal number to binary
OCT2DEC Converts octal number to a decimal
OCT2HEX Converts octal number to hexadecimal
The Error Function
ERF Returns the error function integrated between two supplied limits
ERF.PRECISE Returns the error function integrated between 0 and a supplied limit (New in Excel 2010)
ERFC Returns the complementary error function integrated between a supplied lower limit and infinity
ERFC.PRECISE Returns the complementary error function integrated between a supplied lower limit and infinity (New in Excel 2010)
Bitwise Functions
BITAND Returns a Bitwise 'And' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013)
BITOR Returns a Bitwise 'Or' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013)
BITXOR Returns a Bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013)
BITLSHIFT Returns a number shifted left by a specified number of bits (New in Excel 2013)
BITRSHIFT Returns a number shifted right by a specified number of bits (New in Excel 2013)
Testing Numeric Values
DELTA Tests whether two supplied numbers are equal
GESTEP Tests whether a number is greater than a supplied threshold value
Complex Numbers
COMPLEX Converts user-supplied real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
IMABS Returns the absolute value (the modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT Returns the argument Θ (an angle expressed in radians) of a complex number
IMCONJUGATE Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMCOSH Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMCOT Returns the cotangent of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMCSC Returns the cosecant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMCSCH Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMDIV Returns the quotient of two supplied complex numbers
IMEXP Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER Calculates a complex number raised to a supplied power
IMPRODUCT Returns the product of up to 255 supplied complex numbers
IMREAL Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSEC Returns the secant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMSECH Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMSIN Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSINH Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)
IMSQRT Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB Subtracts two complex numbers
IMSUM Calculates the sum of two complex numbers
IMTAN Returns the tangent of a complex number (New in Excel 2013)


Excel Cube Functions

The Excel Cube functions perform calculations and extract data from a cube, which is stored on an external SQL server. These functions are only supported with a connection to Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Analysis Services or later data source.

Cube Functions   Cube Functions
CUBEKPIMEMBER Returns a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell (New in Excel 2007)
CUBEMEMBER Returns a member or tuple from the cube (New in Excel 2007)
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Returns the value of a member property from the cube (New in Excel 2007)
CUBERANKEDMEMBER Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set (New in Excel 2007)
CUBESET Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel (New in Excel 2007)
CUBESETCOUNT Returns the number of items in a set (New in Excel 2007)
CUBEVALUE Returns an aggregated value from the cube (New in Excel 2007)


Excel Web Functions

Web Functions   Web Functions
ENCODEURL Returns a URL-encoded string (New in Excel 2013)
FILTERXML Returns data from XML content, using a specified XPath (New in Excel 2013)
WEBSERVICE Returns data from a web service on the Internet or Intranet (New in Excel 2013)


Excel Operators

Although the Excel Operators are not, strictly speaking, Excel Functions, a brief explanation of them is included in the following page:

Excel Operators Excel Mathematical Operators - used to perform basic Mathematical operations, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and raising to a power,

OR

the & Excel Operator is used to concatenate text strings
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