ExcelFunctions.net

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This page provides an Excel Functions list, ordered alphabetically.

The function links below will take to to dedicated page for each of the current built-in Excel functions, where you will find a description of the function, with examples of use and details of common errors.

Alternatively, if you want to view the functions grouped into categories, go to the Excel Functions by Category List.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

A | |
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ABS | Returns the absolute value (i.e. the modulus) of a supplied number |

ACCRINT | Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest |

ACCRINTM | Calculates the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity |

ACOS | Returns the Arccosine of a number |

ACOSH | Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number |

ACOT | Returns the arccotangent of a number (New in Excel 2013) |

ACOTH | Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number (New in Excel 2013) |

ADDRESS | Returns a reference, in text format, for a supplied row and column number |

AGGREGATE | Performs a specified calculation (e.g. the sum, product, average, etc.) for a list or database, with the option to ignore hidden rows and error values (New in Excel 2010) |

AMORDEGRC | Calculates the prorated linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period (with depreciation coefficient applied, depending on the life of the asset) |

AMORLINC | Calculates the prorated linear depreciation of an asset for each accounting period |

AND | Tests a number of user-defined conditions and returns TRUE if ALL of the conditions evaluate to TRUE, or FALSE otherwise |

ARABIC | Converts a Roman numeral to an Arabic numeral (New in Excel 2013) |

AREAS | Returns the number of areas in a supplied range |

ASIN | Returns the Arcsine of a number |

ASINH | Returns the Inverse Hyperbolic Sine of a number |

ATAN | Returns the Arctangent of a given number |

ATAN2 | Returns the Arctangent of a given pair of x and y coordinates |

ATANH | Returns the Inverse Hyperbolic Tangent of a given number |

AVEDEV | Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean |

AVERAGE | Returns the Average of a list of supplied numbers |

AVERAGEA | Returns the Average of a list of supplied numbers, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

AVERAGEIF | Calculates the Average of the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy a given criteria (New in Excel 2007) |

AVERAGEIFS | Calculates the Average of the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria (New in Excel 2007) |

B | |
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BAHTTEXT | Converts a number, plus the suffix "Baht" into Thai text |

BASE | Converts a number into a text representation, with the supplied base (New in Excel 2013) |

BESSELI | Calculates the modified Bessel function In(x) |

BESSELJ | Calculates the Bessel function Jn(x) |

BESSELK | Calculates the modified Bessel function Kn(x) |

BESSELY | Calculates the modified Bessel function Yn(x) |

BETADIST | Returns the cumulative beta probability density function (Replaced by Beta.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

BETA.DIST | Returns the cumulative beta distribution function or the beta probability density function (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Betadist function) |

BETAINV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function (Replaced by Beta.Inv function in Excel 2010) |

BETA.INV | Returns the inverse of the cumulative beta probability density function (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Betainv function) |

BIN2DEC | Converts a binary number to a decimal |

BIN2HEX | Converts a binary number to hexadecimal |

BIN2OCT | Converts a binary number to octal |

BINOMDIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability (Replaced by Binom.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

BINOM.DIST | Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Binomdist function) |

BINOM.DIST.RANGE | Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution (New in Excel 2013) |

BINOM.INV | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Critbinom function) |

BITAND | Returns a Bitwise 'And' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013) |

BITLSHIFT | Returns a number shifted left by a specified number of bits (New in Excel 2013) |

BITOR | Returns a Bitwise 'Or' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013) |

BITRSHIFT | Returns a number shifted right by a specified number of bits (New in Excel 2013) |

BITXOR | Returns a Bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers (New in Excel 2013) |

C | |
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CEILING | Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to a multiple of significance |

CEILING.MATH | Rounds a number up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance (New in Excel 2013) |

CEILING.PRECISE | Rounds a number up, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance (New in Excel 2010) |

CELL | Returns information about the contents, formatting or location of a given cell |

CHAR | Returns the character that corresponds to a supplied numeric value |

CHIDIST | Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (Replaced by Chisq.Dist.Rt function in Excel 2010) |

CHIINV | Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (Replaced by Chisq.Inv.Rt function in Excel 2010) |

CHI.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Chiinv function) |

CHISQ.DIST | Returns the chi-squared distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010) |

CHISQ.DIST.RT | Returns the right-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Chidist function) |

CHISQ.INV | Returns the inverse of the left-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution (New in Excel 2010) |

CHISQ.TEST | Returns the chi-squared statistical test for independence (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Chitest function) |

CHITEST | Returns the chi-squared statistical test for independence (Replaced by Chisq.Test function in Excel 2010) |

CHOOSE | Returns one of a list of values, depending on the value of a supplied index number |

CLEAN | Removes all non-printable characters from a supplied text string |

CODE | Returns the numeric code for the first character of a supplied string |

COLUMN | Returns the column number of a supplied range, or of the current cell |

COLUMNS | Returns the number of columns in a supplied range |

COMBIN | Returns the number of combinations (without repetitions) for a given number of objects |

COMBINA | Returns the number of combinations (with repetitions) for a given number of items (New in Excel 2013) |

COMPLEX | Converts user-supplied real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number |

CONCAT | Joins together two or more text strings (New in Excel 2016 (not Excel 2016 for Mac) - replaces the Concatenate function) |

CONCATENATE | Joins together two or more text strings (Replaced by the Concat function in Excel 2016) |

CONFIDENCE | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution (Replaced by Confidence.Norm function in Excel 2010) |

CONFIDENCE.NORM | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a normal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Confidence function) |

CONFIDENCE.T | Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution (New in Excel 2010) |

CONVERT | Converts a number from one measurement system to another |

CORREL | Returns the correlation coefficient between two sets of values |

COS | Returns the Cosine of a given angle |

COSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number |

COT | Returns the cotangent of an angle (New in Excel 2013) |

COTH | Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of an angle (New in Excel 2013) |

COUNT | Returns the number of numerical values in a supplied set of cells or values |

COUNTA | Returns the number of non-blanks in a supplied set of cells or values |

COUNTBLANK | Returns the number of blank cells in a supplied range |

COUNTIF | Returns the number of cells (of a supplied range), that satisfy a given criteria |

COUNTIFS | Returns the number of cells (of a supplied range), that satisfy a set of given criteria (New in Excel 2007) |

COUPDAYBS | Calculates the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date |

COUPDAYS | Calculates the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date |

COUPDAYSNC | Calculates the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date |

COUPNCD | Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date |

COUPNUM | Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date |

COUPPCD | Returns the previous coupon date, before the settlement date |

COVAR | Returns population covariance (i.e. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (Replaced by Covariance.P function in Excel 2010) |

COVARIANCE.P | Returns population covariance (i.e. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Covar function) |

COVARIANCE.S | Returns sample covariance (i.e. the average of the products of deviations for each pair within two supplied data sets) (New in Excel 2010) |

CRITBINOM | Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is greater than or equal to a criterion value (Replaced by Binom.Inv function in Excel 2010) |

CSC | Returns the cosecant of an angle (New in Excel 2013) |

CSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle (New in Excel 2013) |

CUBEKPIMEMBER | Returns a Key Performance Indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell (New in Excel 2007) |

CUBEMEMBER | Returns a member or tuple from the cube (New in Excel 2007) |

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY | Returns the value of a member property from the cube (New in Excel 2007) |

CUBERANKEDMEMBER | Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set (New in Excel 2007) |

CUBESET | Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel (New in Excel 2007) |

CUBESETCOUNT | Returns the number of items in a set (New in Excel 2007) |

CUBEVALUE | Returns an aggregated value from the cube (New in Excel 2007) |

CUMIPMT | Calculates the cumulative interest paid between two specified periods |

CUMPRINC | Calculates the cumulative principal paid on a loan, between two specified periods |

D | |
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DATE | Returns a date, from a user-supplied year, month and day |

DATEVALUE | Converts a text string showing a date, to an integer that represents the date in Excel's date-time code |

DAVERAGE | Calculates the average of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DAY | Returns the day (of the month) from a user-supplied date |

DAYS | Returns the number of days between 2 dates (New in Excel 2013) |

DAYS360 | Calculates the number of days between 2 dates, based on a 360-day year (12 x 30 months) |

DB | Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the fixed-declining balance method |

DCOUNT | Returns the number of cells containing numbers in a field of a list or database that satisfy specified conditions |

DCOUNTA | Returns the number of non-blank cells in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DDB | Calculates the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, using the double-declining balance method, or some other user-specified method |

DEC2BIN | Converts a decimal number to binary |

DEC2HEX | Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal |

DEC2OCT | Converts a decimal number to octal |

DECIMAL | Converts a text representation of a number in a specified base into a decimal number (New in Excel 2013) |

DEGREES | Converts Radians to Degrees |

DELTA | Tests whether two supplied numbers are equal |

DEVSQ | Returns the sum of the squares of the deviations of a set of data points from their sample mean |

DGET | Returns a single value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DISC | Calculates the discount rate for a security |

DMAX | Returns the maximum value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DMIN | Returns the minimum value from a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DOLLAR | Converts a supplied number into text, using a currency format |

DOLLARDE | Converts a dollar price expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price expressed as a decimal |

DOLLARFR | Converts a dollar price expressed as a decimal, into a dollar price expressed as a fraction |

DPRODUCT | Calculates the product of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DSTDEV | Calculates the standard deviation (based on a sample of a population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DSTDEVP | Calculates the standard deviation (based on an entire population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DSUM | Calculates the sum of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DURATION | Calculates the Macauley duration of a security with an assumed par value of $100 |

DVAR | Calculates the variance (based on a sample of a population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

DVARP | Calculates the variance (based on an entire population), of values in a field of a list or database, that satisfy specified conditions |

E | |
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EDATE | Returns a date that is the specified number of months before or after an initial supplied start date |

EFFECT | Calculates the effective annual interest rate |

ENCODEURL | Returns a URL-encoded string (New in Excel 2013) |

EOMONTH | Returns a date that is the last day of the month which is a specified number of months before or after an initial supplied start date |

ERF | Returns the error function integrated between two supplied limits |

ERFC | Returns the complementary error function integrated between a supplied lower limit and infinity |

ERFC.PRECISE | Returns the complementary error function integrated between a supplied lower limit and infinity (New in Excel 2010) |

ERF.PRECISE | Returns the error function integrated between 0 and a supplied limit (New in Excel 2010) |

ERROR.TYPE | Tests a supplied value and returns an integer relating to the supplied value's error type |

EVEN | Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to the next even number |

EXACT | Tests if two supplied text strings are exactly the same and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE. (case-sensitive) |

EXP | Returns e raised to a given power |

EXPONDIST | Returns the exponential distribution (Replaced by Expon.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

EXPON.DIST | Returns the exponential distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Expondist function) |

F | |
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FACT | Returns the Factorial of a given number |

FACTDOUBLE | Returns the Double Factorial of a given number |

FALSE | Simply returns the logical value FALSE |

FDIST | Returns the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (Replaced by F.Dist.Rt function in Excel 2010) |

F.DIST | Returns the F probability distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010) |

F.DIST.RT | Returns the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Fdist function) |

FILTERXML | Returns data from XML content, using a specified XPath (New in Excel 2013) |

FIND | Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (case-sensitive) |

FINV | Returns the inverse of the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (Replaced by F.Inv.Rt function in Excel 2010) |

F.INV | Returns the inverse of the Cumulative F distribution (New in Excel 2010) |

F.INV.RT | Returns the inverse of the right-tailed F probability distribution for two data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Finv function) |

FISHER | Returns the Fisher transformation |

FISHERINV | Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation |

FIXED | Rounds a supplied number to a specified number of decimal places, and then converts this into text |

FLOOR | Rounds a number towards zero, (i.e. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to a multiple of significance |

FLOOR.MATH | Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance (New in Excel 2013) |

FLOOR.PRECISE | Rounds a number down, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance (New in Excel 2010) |

FORECAST | Predicts a future point on a linear trend line fitted to a supplied set of x- and y- values |

FORECAST.ETS | Uses an exponential smoothing algorithm to predict a future value on a timeline, based on a series of existing values (New in Excel 2016) |

FORECAST.ETS.CONFINT | Returns a confidence interval for a forecast value at a specified target date (New in Excel 2016) |

FORECAST.ETS.SEASONALITY | Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for a specified time series (New in Excel 2016) |

FORECAST.ETS.STAT | Returns a statistical value relating to a time series forecasting (New in Excel 2016) |

FORECAST.LINEAR | Predicts a future point on a linear trend line fitted to a supplied set of x- and y- values (New in Excel 2016) |

FORMULATEXT | Returns a formula as a string (New in Excel 2013) |

FREQUENCY | Returns an array showing the number of values from a supplied array, which fall into specified ranges |

FTEST | Returns the result of an F-Test for 2 supplied data sets (Replaced by F.Test function in Excel 2010) |

F.TEST | Returns the result of an F-Test for 2 supplied data sets (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Ftest function) |

FV | Calculates the future value of an investment with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate |

FVSCHEDULE | Calculates the future value of an initial principal, after applying a series of compound interest rates |

G | |
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GAMMA | Return the gamma function value for a supplied number (New in Excel 2013) |

GAMMADIST | Returns the gamma distribution (Replaced by Gamma.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

GAMMA.DIST | Returns the gamma distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Gammadist function) |

GAMMAINV | Returns the inverse gamma cumulative distribution (Replaced by Gamma.Inv function in Excel 2010) |

GAMMA.INV | Returns the inverse gamma cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Gammainv function) |

GAMMALN | Calculates the natural logarithm of the gamma function for a supplied value |

GAMMALN.PRECISE | Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function for a supplied value (New in Excel 2010) |

GAUSS | Calculates the probability that a member of a standard normal population will fall between the mean and z standard deviations from the mean (New in Excel 2013) |

GCD | Returns the Greatest Common Divisor of two or more supplied numbers |

GEOMEAN | Returns the geometric mean of a set of supplied numbers |

GESTEP | Tests whether a number is greater than a supplied threshold value |

GETPIVOTDATA | Extracts data stored in a Pivot Table |

GROWTH | Returns numbers in a exponential growth trend, based on a set of supplied x- and y- values |

H | |
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HARMEAN | Returns the harmonic mean of a set of supplied numbers |

HEX2BIN | Converts a hexadecimal number to binary |

HEX2DEC | Converts a hexadecimal number to a decimal |

HEX2OCT | Converts a hexadecimal number to octal |

HLOOKUP | Looks up a supplied value in the first row of a table, and returns the corresponding value from another row |

HOUR | Returns the hour part of a user-supplied time |

HYPERLINK | Creates a hyperlink to a document in a supplied location |

HYPGEOMDIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution (Replaced by Hypgeom.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

HYPGEOM.DIST | Returns the hypergeometric distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Hypgeomdist function) |

I | |
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IF | Tests a user-defined condition and returns one result if the condition is TRUE, and another result if the condition is FALSE |

IFERROR | Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error, and if so the function returns a supplied value; Otherwise the function returns the initial value. (New in Excel 2007) |

IFNA | Tests if an expression returns the #N/A error and if so, returns an alternative specified value; Otherwise the function returns the value of the supplied expression (New in Excel 2013) |

IFS | Tests a number of supplied conditions and returns a result corresponding to the first condition that evaluates to TRUE (New in Excel 2016 - not available in Excel 2016 for Mac) |

IMABS | Returns the absolute value (the modulus) of a complex number |

IMAGINARY | Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number |

IMARGUMENT | Returns the argument Θ (an angle expressed in radians) of a complex number |

IMCONJUGATE | Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number |

IMCOS | Returns the cosine of a complex number |

IMCOSH | Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMCOT | Returns the cotangent of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMCSC | Returns the cosecant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMCSCH | Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMDIV | Returns the quotient of two supplied complex numbers |

IMEXP | Returns the exponential of a complex number |

IMLN | Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG10 | Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number |

IMLOG2 | Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number |

IMPOWER | Calculates a complex number raised to a supplied power |

IMPRODUCT | Returns the product of up to 255 supplied complex numbers |

IMREAL | Returns the real coefficient of a complex number |

IMSEC | Returns the secant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMSECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMSIN | Returns the sine of a complex number |

IMSINH | Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

IMSQRT | Returns the square root of a complex number |

IMSUB | Subtracts two complex numbers |

IMSUM | Calculates the sum of two complex numbers |

IMTAN | Returns the tangent of a complex number (New in Excel 2013) |

INDEX | Returns a reference to a cell (or range of cells) for requested rows and columns within a supplied range |

INDIRECT | Returns a cell or range reference that is represented by a supplied text string |

INFO | Returns information about the current operating environment |

INT | Rounds a number down to the next integer |

INTERCEPT | Calculates the best fit regression line, through a supplied series of x- and y- values and returns the value at which this line intercepts the y-axis |

INTRATE | Calculates the interest rate for a fully invested security |

IPMT | Calculates the interest payment for a given period of an investment, with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate |

IRR | Calculates the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows |

ISBLANK | Tests if a supplied cell is blank (empty), and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

ISERR | Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error (EXCEPT for the #N/A error) and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE |

ISERROR | Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns an error and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE |

ISEVEN | Tests if a supplied number (or expression) is an even number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE. |

ISFORMULA | Tests if a supplied cell contains a formula and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE (New in Excel 2013) |

ISLOGICAL | Tests if a supplied value is a logical value, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

ISNA | Tests if an initial supplied value (or expression) returns the Excel #N/A error and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise returns FALSE |

ISNONTEXT | Tests if a supplied value is text, and if it is NOT, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

ISNUMBER | Tests if a supplied value is a number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

ISO.CEILING | Rounds a number up, regardless of the sign of the number, to a multiple of significance. (New in Excel 2010) |

ISODD | Tests if a supplied number (or expression) is an odd number, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

ISOWEEKNUM | Returns the ISO week number of the year for a given date (New in Excel 2013) |

ISPMT | Returns the interest paid during a specified period of an investment |

ISREF | Tests if a supplied value is a reference, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

ISTEXT | Tests if a supplied value is text, and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE |

K | |
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KURT | Returns the kurtosis of a data set |

L | |
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LARGE | Returns the kth largest value from a list of supplied numbers, for a given value k |

LCM | Returns the Least Common Multiple of two or more supplied numbers |

LEFT | Returns a specified number of characters from the start of a supplied text string |

LEN | Returns the length of a supplied text string |

LINEST | Returns statistical information describing the trend of the line of best fit, through a supplied series of x- and y- values |

LN | Returns the natural logarithm of a given number |

LOG | Returns the logarithm of a given number, to a specified base |

LOG10 | Returns the base 10 logarithm of a given number |

LOGEST | Returns the parameters of an exponential trend for a supplied set of x- and y- values |

LOGINV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution (Replaced by Lognorm.Inv function in Excel 2010) |

LOGNORMDIST | Returns the cumulative log-normal distribution (Replaced by Lognorm.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

LOGNORM.DIST | Returns the log-normal probability density function or the cumulative log- normal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Lognormdist function) |

LOGNORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Loginv function) |

LOOKUP | Searches for a specific value in one data vector, and returns a value from the corresponding position of a second data vector |

LOWER | Converts all characters in a supplied text string to lower case |

M | |
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MATCH | Finds the relative position of a value in a supplied array |

MAX | Returns the largest value from a list of supplied numbers |

MAXA | Returns the largest value from a list of supplied values, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

MAXIFS | Returns the largest value from a subset of values in a list that are specified according to one or more criteria. (New in Excel 2016 - not available in Excel 2016 for Mac) |

MDETERM | Returns the matrix determinant of a supplied array |

MDURATION | Calculates the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100 |

MEDIAN | Returns the Median (the middle value) of a list of supplied numbers |

MID | Returns a specified number of characters from the middle of a supplied text string |

MIN | Returns the smallest value from a list of supplied numbers |

MINA | Returns the smallest value from a list of supplied values, counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

MINIFS | Returns the smallest value from a subset of values in a list that are specified according to one or more criteria. (New in Excel 2016 - not available in Excel 2016 for Mac) |

MINUTE | Returns the minute part of a user-supplied time |

MINVERSE | Returns the matrix inverse of a supplied array |

MIRR | Calculates the internal rate of return for a series of periodic cash flows, considering the cost of the investment and the interest on the reinvestment of cash |

MMULT | Returns the matrix product of two supplied arrays |

MOD | Returns the remainder from a division between two supplied numbers |

MODE | Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (Replaced by Mode.Sngl function in Excel 2010) |

MODE.MULT | Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring values in an array or range of data (New in Excel 2010) |

MODE.SNGL | Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Mode function) |

MONTH | Returns the month from a user-supplied date |

MROUND | Rounds a number up or down, to the nearest multiple of significance |

MULTINOMIAL | Returns the Multinomial of a given set of numbers |

MUNIT | Returns the unit matrix for a specified dimension (New in Excel 2013) |

N | |
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N | Converts a non-number value to a number, a date to a serial number, the logical value TRUE to 1 and all other values to 0 |

NA | Returns the Excel #N/A error |

NEGBINOMDIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution (Replaced by Negbinom.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

NEGBINOM.DIST | Returns the negative binomial distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Negbinomdist function) |

NETWORKDAYS | Returns the number of whole networkdays (excluding weekends & holidays), between two supplied dates |

NETWORKDAYS.INTL | Returns the number of whole networkdays (excluding weekends & holidays), between two supplied dates, using parameters to specify weekend days (New in Excel 2010) |

NOMINAL | Calculates the annual nominal interest rate |

NORMDIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

NORM.DIST | Returns the normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Normdist function) |

NORMINV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.Inv function in Excel 2010) |

NORM.INV | Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Norminv function) |

NORMSDIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.S.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

NORM.S.DIST | Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Normsdist function) |

NORMSINV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (Replaced by Norm.S.Inv function in Excel 2010) |

NORM.S.INV | Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Normsinv function) |

NOT | Returns a logical value that is the opposite of a user supplied logical value or expression (i.e. returns FALSE is the supplied argument is TRUE and returns TRUE if the supplied argument is FALSE) |

NOW | Returns the current date & time |

NPER | Returns the number of periods for an investment with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate |

NPV | Calculates the net present value of an investment, based on a supplied discount rate, and a series of future payments and income |

NUMBERVALUE | Converts text to a number, in a locale-independent way (New in Excel 2013) |

O | |
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OCT2BIN | Converts octal number to binary |

OCT2DEC | Converts octal number to a decimal |

OCT2HEX | Converts octal number to hexadecimal |

ODD | Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to the next odd number |

ODDFPRICE | Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period |

ODDFYIELD | Calculates the yield of a security with an odd first period |

ODDLPRICE | Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period |

ODDLYIELD | Calculates the yield of a security with an odd last period |

OFFSET | Returns a reference to a range of cells that is a specified number of rows and columns from an initial supplied range |

OR | Tests a number of user-defined conditions and returns TRUE if ANY of the conditions evaluate to TRUE, or FALSE otherwise |

P | |
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PDURATION | Calculates the number of periods required for an investment to reach a specified value (New in Excel 2013) |

PEARSON | Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

PERCENTILE | Returns the k'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where k is in the range 0 - 1 (inclusive) (Replaced by Percentile.Inc function in Excel 2010) |

PERCENTILE.EXC | Returns the k'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where k is in the range 0 - 1 (exclusive) (New in Excel 2010) |

PERCENTILE.INC | Returns the k'th percentile of values in a supplied range, where k is in the range 0 - 1 (inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Percentile function) |

PERCENTRANK | Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 inclusive) (Replaced by Percentrank.Inc function in Excel 2010) |

PERCENTRANK.EXC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 exclusive) (New in Excel 2010) |

PERCENTRANK.INC | Returns the rank of a value in a data set, as a percentage (0 - 1 inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Percentrank function) |

PERMUT | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects |

PERMUTATIONA | Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects (New in Excel 2013) |

PHI | Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution, for a supplied number (New in Excel 2013) |

PI | Returns the constant value of pi |

PMT | Calculates the payments required to reduce a loan, from a supplied present value to a specified future value |

POISSON | Returns the Poisson distribution (Replaced by Poisson.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

POISSON.DIST | Returns the Poisson distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Poisson function) |

POWER | Returns the result of a given number raised to a supplied power |

PPMT | Calculates the payment on the principal for a given investment, with periodic constant payments and a constant interest rate |

PRICE | Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest |

PRICEDISC | Calculates the price per $100 face value of a discounted security |

PRICEMAT | Calculates the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity |

PROB | Returns the probablity that values in a supplied range are within given limits |

PRODUCT | Returns the product of a supplied list of numbers |

PROPER | Converts all characters in a supplied text string to proper case (i.e. letters that do not follow another letter are upper case and all other characters are lower case) |

PV | Calculates the present value of an investment (i.e. the total amount that a series of future payments is worth now) |

Q | |
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QUARTILE | Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (inclusive) (Replaced by Quartile.Inc function in Excel 2010) |

QUARTILE.EXC | Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (exclusive) (New in Excel 2010) |

QUARTILE.INC | Returns the specified quartile of a set of supplied numbers, based on percentile value 0 - 1 (inclusive) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Quartile function) |

QUOTIENT | Returns the integer portion of a division between two supplied numbers |

R | |
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RADIANS | Converts Degrees to Radians |

RAND | Returns a random number between 0 and 1 |

RANDBETWEEN | Returns a random number between two given integers |

RANK | Returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values (Replaced by Rank.Eq function in Excel 2010) |

RANK.AVG | Returns the statistical rank of a given value, within a supplied array of values (if more than one value has same rank, the average rank is returned) (New in Excel 2010) |

RANK.EQ | Returns the Mode (the most frequently occurring value) of a list of supplied numbers (if more than one value has same rank, the top rank of that set is returned) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Rank function) |

RATE | Calculates the interest rate required to pay off a specified amount of a loan, or reach a target amount on an investment over a given period |

RECEIVED | Calculates the amount received at maturity for a fully invested Security |

REPLACE | Replaces all or part of a text string with another string (from a user supplied position) |

REPT | Returns a string consisting of a supplied text string, repeated a specified number of times |

RIGHT | Returns a specified number of characters from the end of a supplied text string |

ROMAN | Returns a text string depicting the roman numeral for a given number |

ROUND | Rounds a number up or down, to a given number of digits |

ROUNDDOWN | Rounds a number towards zero, (i.e. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to a given number of digits |

ROUNDUP | Rounds a number away from zero (i.e. rounds a positive number up and a negative number down), to a given number of digits |

ROW | Returns the row number of a supplied range, or of the current cell |

ROWS | Returns the number of rows in a supplied range |

RRI | Calculates an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment (New in Excel 2013) |

RSQ | Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient |

RTD | Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation |

S | |
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SEARCH | Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (non-case-sensitive) |

SEC | Returns the secant of an angle (New in Excel 2013) |

SECH | Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle (New in Excel 2013) |

SECOND | Returns the seconds part of a user-supplied time |

SERIESSUM | Returns the sum of a power series |

SHEET | Returns the sheet number relating to a supplied reference (New in Excel 2013) |

SHEETS | Returns the number of sheets in a reference (New in Excel 2013) |

SIGN | Returns the sign (+1, -1 or 0) of a supplied number |

SIN | Returns the Sine of a given angle |

SINH | Returns the Hyperbolic Sine of a number |

SKEW | Returns the skewness of a distribution |

SKEW.P | Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population (New in Excel 2013) |

SLN | Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period |

SLOPE | Returns the slope of the linear regression line through a supplied series of x- and y- values |

SMALL | Returns the kth smallest value from a list of supplied numbers, for a given value k |

SQRT | Returns the positive square root of a given number |

SQRTPI | Returns the square root of a supplied number multiplied by pi |

STANDARDIZE | Returns a normalized value |

STDEV | Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (Replaced by Stdev.S function in Excel 2010) |

STDEVA | Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

STDEVP | Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (Replaced by Stdev.P function in Excel 2010) |

STDEVPA | Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

STDEV.P | Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Stdevp function) |

STDEV.S | Returns the standard deviation of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Stdev function) |

STEYX | Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression line for a set of supplied x- and y- values |

SUBSTITUTE | Substitutes all occurrences of a search text string, within an original text string, with the supplied replacement text |

SUBTOTAL | Performs a specified calculation (e.g. the sum, product, average, etc.) for a supplied set of values |

SUM | Returns the sum of a supplied list of numbers |

SUMIF | Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy a given criteria |

SUMIFS | Adds the cells in a supplied range, that satisfy multiple criteria (New in Excel 2007) |

SUMPRODUCT | Returns the sum of the products of corresponding values in two or more supplied arrays |

SUMSQ | Returns the sum of the squares of a supplied list of numbers |

SUMX2MY2 | Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays |

SUMX2PY2 | Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two supplied arrays |

SUMXMY2 | Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two supplied arrays |

SWITCH | Compares a number of supplied values to a supplied test expression and returns a result corresponding to the first value that matches the test expression (New in Excel 2016 - not available in Excel 2016 for Mac) |

SYD | Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period |

T | |
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T | Tests whether a supplied value is text and if so, returns the supplied text; If not, returns an empty text string |

TAN | Returns the Tangent of a given angle |

TANH | Returns the Hyperbolic Tangent of a given number |

TBILLEQ | Calculates the bond-equivalent yield for a treasury bill |

TBILLPRICE | Calculates the price per $100 face value for a treasury bill |

TBILLYIELD | Calculates the yield for a treasury bill |

TDIST | Returns the Student's T-distribution (Replaced by T.Dist.2t & T.Dist.Rt functions in Excel 2010) |

T.DIST | Returns the Student's T-distribution (probability density or cumulative distribution function) (New in Excel 2010) |

T.DIST.2T | Returns the two-tailed Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Tdist function) |

T.DIST.RT | Returns the right-tailed Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Tdist function) |

TEXT | Converts a supplied value into text, using a user-specified format |

TEXTJOIN | Joins together two or more text strings, separated by a delimiter (New in Excel 2016 - not available in Excel 2016 for Mac) |

TIME | Returns a time, from a user-supplied hour, minute and second |

TIMEVALUE | Converts a text string showing a time, to a decimal that represents the time in Excel |

TINV | Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (Replaced by T.Inv.2t function in Excel 2010) |

T.INV | Returns the left-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010) |

T.INV.2T | Returns the two-tailed inverse of the Student's T-distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Tinv function) |

TODAY | Returns today's date |

TRANSPOSE | Performs a transpose transformation on a range of cells (i.e. transforms a horizontal range of cells into a vertical range and vice versa) |

TREND | Calculates the trend line through a given set of y-values and returns additional y-values for a supplied set of new x-values |

TRIM | Removes duplicate spaces, and spaces at the start and end of a text string |

TRIMMEAN | Returns the mean of the interior of a supplied set of values |

TRUE | Simply returns the logical value TRUE |

TRUNC | Truncates a number towards zero (i.e. rounds a positive number down and a negative number up), to the next integer. |

TTEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's T-Test (Replaced by T.Test function in Excel 2010) |

T.TEST | Returns the probability associated with a Student's T-Test (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Ttest function) |

TYPE | Returns information about the data type of a supplied value |

U | |
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UNICHAR | Returns the Unicode character that is referenced by the given numeric value (New in Excel 2013) |

UNICODE | Returns the number (code point) corresponding to the first character of a supplied text string (New in Excel 2013) |

UPPER | Converts all characters in a supplied text string to upper case |

V | |
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VALUE | Converts a text string into a numeric value |

VAR | Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (Replaced by Var.S function in Excel 2010) |

VARA | Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

VARP | Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (Replaced by Var.P function in Excel 2010) |

VARPA | Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population), counting text and the logical value FALSE as the value 0 and counting the logical value TRUE as the value 1 |

VAR.P | Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent an entire population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Varp function) |

VAR.S | Returns the variance of a supplied set of values (which represent a sample of a population) (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Var function) |

VDB | Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period, (including partial periods), using the double-declining balance method or another user-specified method |

VLOOKUP | Looks up a supplied value in the first column of a table, and returns the corresponding value from another column |

W | |
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WEBSERVICE | Returns data from a web service on the Internet or Intranet (New in Excel 2013) |

WEEKDAY | Returns an integer representing the day of the week for a supplied date |

WEEKNUM | Returns an integer representing the week number (from 1 to 53) of the year from a user-supplied date |

WEIBULL | Returns the Weibull distribution (Replaced by Weibull.Dist function in Excel 2010) |

WEIBULL.DIST | Returns the Weibull distribution (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Weibull function) |

WORKDAY | Returns a date that is a supplied number of working days (excluding weekends & holidays) ahead of a given start date |

WORKDAY.INTL | Returns a date that is a supplied number of working days (excluding weekends & holidays) ahead of a given start date, using supplied parameters to specify weekend days (New in Excel 2010) |

X | |
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XIRR | Calculates the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows |

XNPV | Calculates the net present value for a schedule of cash flows |

XOR | Returns a logical Exclusive Or of all arguments (New in Excel 2013) |

Y | |
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YEAR | Returns the year from a user-supplied date |

YEARFRAC | Calculates the fraction of the year represented by the number of whole days between two dates |

YIELD | Calculates the yield of a security that pays periodic interest |

YIELDDISC | Calculates the annual yield of a discounted security |

YIELDMAT | Calculates the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity |

Z | |
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ZTEST | Returns the one-tailed probability value of a z-test (Replaced by Z.Test function in Excel 2010) |

Z.TEST | Returns the one-tailed probability value of a z-test (New in Excel 2010 - replaces the Ztest function) |