The Excel Right function returns a specified number of characters from the end of a supplied text string.
The syntax of the function is :
Where the function arguments are:
|text||-||The original text string|
An optional argument that specifies the number of characters to be returned from the end of the supplied textIf omitted, the [num_chars] argument takes on the default value of 1
Note that the Right function always returns a text string, even though this may be contain digits and may look like a number. This may be important if you wish to use the result of the function within further functions or formulas.
The spreadsheet below shows three examples of the Excel Right function.
The format of the functions are shown in the spreadsheet on the left and the results are shown in the spreadsheet on the right.
Note that the example in cell B3 returns the text value "5". Although the text string contains a number, this is stored as a text string in Excel. Excel Data Types are explained further on the Excel Formatting page of this site.
Further information and examples of the Excel Right function are provided on the Microsoft Office website.
The Excel Right function occasionally returns the #VALUE! error:
|#VALUE!||-||Occurs if the supplied [num_chars] argument is < 0|
Also, some users encounter the following problem:
Dates are stored in Excel as numbers, and it is only the cell formatting that makes them appear as dates in your spreadsheet. Therefore, if you attempt use the Left, Mid or Right function on a date, the function will return the end characters of the number that represents that date.
For example, 01/01/1980 is represented by the number 29221, so applying the Right function to a cell containing the date 01/01/1980 (and requesting that 4 characters be returned) would result in a returned value of "9221".
If you are not using the dates in other calculations, which rely on them being stored as numbers, you can convert the cells containing dates to text, using Excel's Text To Columns tool. To do this: