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If your function wont calculate in Excel, this is usually due to either the formatting of your cells or the Excel Calculation option setting.

Click on the link that describes your current problem, for an explanation and solution to the problem:

Case 1:
The Cell Displays the Function Instead of its Calculated Value |

Case 2:
The Formula Doesn't Update |

A | B | |
---|---|---|

1 | TEXT1 | =LEFT( A1, 1 ) |

2 | TEXT2 | =LEFT( A2, 1 ) |

You type in a function and when you press Enter, the cell displays the function as you typed it, instead of calculating the function's value.

This problem generally arises because the cells containing your formula are formatted as 'text' instead of the 'General' type.

This frequently occurs when you insert a new column, next to a column that is formatted as text. In this case, the new column 'inherits' the formatting of the adjacent column.

To correct this, you need to change the formatting of the cell and then force the cell to recalculate:

- Highlight the cell(s) containing the function
- Right click with the mouse
- Select the
option and ensure the__F__ormat Cells ...**Number**tab is selected - Under the
**Category**heading, select the option**General**and click**OK** - In your spreadsheet, use the mouse to double-click on each of the cells containing the formula (this forces
Excel to recalculate these cells)

*(Note: if you have a lot of cells containing the same formula in a column, rather than double-clicking on each cell to force a recalculation, it may be quicker to double click on your first cell and copy this cell into the remaining cells)*

You have a function that you know is correct, but when you change the values of its dependent cells the function continues to show the old value.

This problem is usually caused by the setting of the **Calculation** option for your Excel spreadsheet.

By default, Excel will recalculate its functions every time a cell value changes.
However, the **Calculation** option can be set to switch off automatic recalculation, and once switched off,
it is very easy for the user to forget about this option.

To correct this you need to set the **Calculation** option to **Automatic**. To do this:

- Select the
**File**tab, and from this, click on**Options** - Select the option
**Formulas**from the list on the left of the window that pops up - Under the
**Calculation options**heading, select the optionand click__A__utomatic**OK**

- Select the option
**Excel Op**from bottom of the main Excel menu (displayed by selecting the Excel Logo on the top left of the spreadsheet)__t__ions - Select the option
**Formulas**from the list on the left of the window that pops up - Under the
**Calculation options**heading, select the optionand click__A__utomatic**OK**

- From the top of the Excel window, select the drop-down menu
and from within this, select__T__ools__O__ptions... - Select the
**Calculation**tab - Under the
**Calculation**heading, select the optionand click__A__utomatic**OK**

This sets your Excel spreadsheet back to the Automatic setting so that it recalculates formulas every time a change is made to the spreadsheet.