In Excel 2010, the TTEST function has been renamed T.TEST.
The Excel TTEST function calculates the probability associated with the Student's T Test, which is commonly used for identifying whether two data sets are likely to have come from the same two underlying populations with the same mean.
The format of the function is:
where the function arguments are:
|array1||-||The first data set.|
|array2||-||The second data set (must have the same length as array1).|
Columns A and B of the above spreadsheet on the right contain two arrays of data.
The probability associated with the Student's paired t-test with a one-tailed distribution, for the two arrays of data can be calculated using the Excel Ttest function as follows:
This gives the result 0.449070689.
The probability associated with the Student's paired t-test with a two-tailed distribution, for the same two arrays of data is calculated by the formula:
This gives the result 0.898141379, which is double the probability associated with the one-tailed test.
Further information and examples of the Excel Ttest function can be found on the Microsoft Office website.
If you get an error from the Excel TTEST Function, this is likely to be one of the following:
|#N/A||-||Occurs if the two supplied arrays have different lengths.|
|#VALUE!||-||Occurs if either the tails argument or the type argument is non-numeric.|