Excel Text Functions

This page lists the current, built-in Excel Text Functions. These functions are provided by Excel, to help you to work with text strings. They include functions to return information about a text string, to apply formatting to a text string, to convert between text and other data types, and to cut up and join together text strings.

The functions have been grouped into categories, to help you to find the function you need to perform a specific task. Selecting a function name will take you to a full description of the function, including examples of use, related tips & tricks and Common Errors.


Excel Text Functions List

Functions to Remove Extra Characters
CLEAN Removes all non-printable characters from a supplied text string
TRIM Removes duplicate spaces, and spaces at the start and end of a text string
Functions to Convert Excel Data Types
BAHTTEXT Converts a number, plus the suffix "Baht" into Thai text
DOLLAR Converts a supplied number into text, using a currency format
FIXED Rounds a supplied number to a specified number of decimal places, and then converts this into text
TEXT Converts a supplied value into text, using a user-specified format
VALUE Converts a text string into a numeric value
NUMBERVALUE Converts text to a number, in a locale-independent way (New in Excel 2013)
Functions to Convert Between Upper & Lower Case
LOWER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to lower case
PROPER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to proper case (i.e. letters that do not follow another letter are upper case and all other characters are lower case)
UPPER Converts all characters in a supplied text string to upper case
Replacing / Substituting Parts of a Text String
REPLACE Replaces all or part of a text string with another string (from a user supplied position)
SUBSTITUTE Substitutes all occurrences of a search text string, within an original text string, with the supplied replacement text
Cutting Up & Piecing Together Text Strings
CONCATENATE Joins together two or more text strings
LEFT Returns a specified number of characters from the start of a supplied text string
MID Returns a specified number of characters from the middle of a supplied text string
RIGHT Returns a specified number of characters from the end of a supplied text string
REPT Returns a string consisting of a supplied text string, repeated a specified number of times
Information Functions
LEN Returns the length of a supplied text string
FIND Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (case-sensitive)
SEARCH Returns the position of a supplied character or text string from within a supplied text string (non-case-sensitive)
EXACT Tests if two supplied text strings are exactly the same and if so, returns TRUE; Otherwise, returns FALSE. (case-sensitive)
T Tests whether a supplied value is text and if so, returns the supplied text; If not, returns an empty text string.
Converting Between Characters & Numeric Codes
CHAR Returns the character that corresponds to a supplied numeric value
CODE Returns the numeric code for the first character of a supplied string
UNICHAR Returns the Unicode character that is referenced by the given numeric value (New in Excel 2013)
UNICODE Returns the number (code point) corresponding to the first character of a supplied text string (New in Excel 2013)

An example of the use of Excel Text Functions to combine text with numbers is given on the Microsoft Office Website

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