The Excel LOG10 Function

Base 10 Logarithm

The Logarithm of a number, to a given base, is the power to which the base must be raised to give that number.

The Base 10 Logarithm of a number, (also known as the Common Logarithm and written as Log10(x) ), is the logarithm to the base 10.

Therefore,

If   10x = y   Then   Log10(y) = x
Related Function:
LOG Function

Basic Description

The Excel LOG10 function calculates the base 10 logarithm of a given number.

The syntax of the function is:

LOG10( number )

where the number argument is the positive real number that you want to calculate the base 10 logarithm of.


Log10 Function Examples

The following spreadsheet provides four examples of the Excel Log10 function:

 Formulas:
 A
1=LOG10( 100 )
2=LOG10( 1000 )
3=LOG10( 0.001 )
4=LOG10( 25 )
 Results:
 AB
12  102 = 100; Therefore, Log10(100) = 2
23  103 = 1000; Therefore, Log10(1000) = 3
3-3  10-3 = 0.001; Therefore, Log10(0.001) = -3
41.397940009  101.397940009 = 25; Therefore, Log10(25) = 1.397940009

Further examples of the Excel Log10 function are provided on the Microsoft Office website.


Log10 Function Errors

If you get an error from the Excel Log10 function, this is likely to be one of the following:

Common Errors
#NUM!-Occurs if the supplied number argument is negative or zero.
#VALUE!-Occurs if the supplied number argument is non-numeric.