The Excel ISPMT function calculates the interest paid during a specific period of a loan or investment.
Where the arguments are as follows:
|rate||-||The interest rate, per period.|
|per||-||The period for which the interest is to be calculated (must be an integer between 1 and nper).|
|nper||-||The number of periods over which the loan or investment is to be paid.|
|pv||-||The present value of the loan / investment.|
Cash Flow Convention:Note that, in line with the general cash flow convention, outgoing payments are represented by negative numbers and incoming payments are represented by positive numbers. This is seen in the example below.
The following spreadsheet shows the Excel Ispmt function used to calculate interest paid, during months 1 and 2, of a loan of $50,000 which is to be paid off over 5 years. Interest is charged at a rate of 5% per year.
Note that in this example:
Further examples of the Excel Ispmt function are provided on the Microsoft Office website.
If you get an error from the Excel Ispmt function, this is likely to be the #VALUE! error:
|#VALUE!||-||Occurs if any of the supplied arguments are not recognised as numeric values|
Also, the following problem is encountered by some users:
Many users, when calculating monthly or quarterly payments, forget to convert the interest rate or the number of periods to months or quarters.
|months = 12 * years|
quarters = 4 * years
|monthly rate = annual rate / 12|
quarterly rate = annual rate / 4