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ExcelImcosFunction
The Excel IMCOS Function
Related Function:
IMSIN Function
Cosine of a Complex Number
The cosine of a complex number is calculated by the following equation :
cos(x + yi) = cos(x) cosh(y)  sin(x) sinh(y)i
See
Wikipedia for more information
on complex numbers.
Basic Description
The Excel Imcos function returns the cosine of a supplied complex number.
The format of the function is:
IMCOS( inumber )
where the inumber argument is a complex number.
Note that complex numbers are simply stored as text in Excel. When a text string in the format
"a+bi" or "a+bj" is supplied to one of Excel's builtin complex number functions, this is interpreted
as a complex number.
Also the complex number functions can accept a simple numeric value, as this is equivalent to a complex
number whose imaginary coefficient is equal to 0.
Therefore, the inumber argument can be supplied to the Excel Imcos function as either:
or
 A complex number encased in quotation marks  eg. "5+3i"
or
 A reference to a cell containing a complex number or a numeric value
or
 A value returned from another Excel function or formula
Imcos Function Examples
The spreadsheet below shows 4 different examples of the Imcos function.
The format of the functions are shown in the spreadsheet on the left and the resulting values are
shown in the spreadsheet on the right.
Formulas:

A 
B 
1 

=IMCOS( 0.5 ) 
2 

=IMCOS( "3+0.5i" ) 
3 
2i 
=IMCOS( A3 ) 
4 

=IMCOS( COMPLEX( 1, 1 ) ) 

Results:

A 
B 
1 

0.877582561890373 
2 

1.116341244526150.0735369737112366i 
3 
2i 
0.64214812471552+1.06860742138278i 
4 

0.833730025131149+0.988897705762865i 

Note that, in cell B1 of the above spreadsheet, the supplied inumber argument is the real number 0.5,
which is equal to the complex number 0.5+0i.
Further information and examples of the Excel Imcos function can be found on the
Microsoft Office website
Imcos Function Errors
If you get an error from the Excel Imcos Function, this is likely to be one of the following:
Common Errors
#NUM!



Occurs if the supplied inumber argument is not recognised as a complex number

#NAME?



Occurs when Analysis ToolPak addin is not enabled in your Excel.
You will need to enable the addin if you want to use the Excel complex number functions.
+ Show How to Do This in Excel 2003:
 From the Tools dropdown menu, select the option AddIns ...
 An 'AddIns' window will pop up. From this, select the option Analysis ToolPak and click OK
+ Show How to Do This in Excel 2007:
 Click the Microsoft button on the top left of your spreadsheet and select
the Excel Options button
 From the menu on the left hand side, select AddIns
 In the 'Manage:' box, select Excel Addins and click Go...
 An 'AddIns' window will pop up. From this, select the option Analysis ToolPak and click OK
+ Show How to Do This in Excel 2010 or Excel 2013:
 Click the File tab (top left of your spreadsheet) and select Options
 From the menu on the left hand side, select AddIns
 If the window that pops up doesn't show the 'Addins' list, use the 'Manage:'
dropdown menu (at the bottom of the window) to select Excel Addins. Click Go...
 From the 'AddIns' window, select the option Analysis ToolPak and click OK
