The exponential distribution is a continuous probability distribution, which is often used to model the time between events.
The probability density function for the Exponential Distribution is given by the formula :
and the Cumulative Exponential Distribution is given by the formula :
where x is the independant variable and λ is the parameter of the distribution.
In Excel 2010, the Expondist function has been renamed the Expon.Dist function.
Although it has been replaced, the Expondist function is still available in Excel 2010 (stored in the list of compatibility functions), to allow compatibility with earlier versions of Excel.
The Excel Expondist function returns the value of the exponential distribution for a give value of x. The user can specify whether the probability density function or the cumulative distribution function is used.
The syntax of the function is :
Where the function arguments are:
x    The value at which the exponential distribution is to be evaluated (must be ≥ 0)  
lambda    The parameter of the distribution  
cumulative   
A logical argument that specifies the type of distribution to be calculated. This can be either:

Example 1  Probability Density FunctionThe chart on the right shows the Exponential Distribution probability density function with the parameter λ set to 0.5, 1, and 2. If you want to calculate the value of the probability density function with the parameter λ set to 1, at the value x = 0.5, this can be done, using the Excel Expondist function, as follows:
=EXPONDIST( 0.5, 1, FALSE )
This gives the result 0.60653066. 
Probability Density Exponential Distribution with λ = 0.5, 1 and 2

Example 2  Cumulative Distribution FunctionThe chart on the right shows the Cumulative Exponential Distribution Functions with the parameter λ set to 0.5, 1 and 2. If you want to calculate the value of the cumulative function with the parameter λ set to 1, at the value x = 0.5, this can be done using the Excel Expondist function, as follows:
=EXPONDIST( 0.5, 1, TRUE )
This gives the result 0.39346934. 
Cumulative Exponential Distribution with λ = 0.5, 1 and 2

Further examples of the Excel Expondist function can be found on the Microsoft Office website.
If you get an error from the Excel Expondist function this is likely to be one of the following :
#NUM!   
Occurs if either:


#VALUE!    Occurs if any of the supplied arguments are not recognised as numeric values 