The Excel DPRODUCT Function

Related Function:
DSUM

Excel Database Functions
The Excel Database Functions are designed to assist you when working with an Excel database. This typically takes the form of a large table of data, where each row in the table stores an individual record.

Each column in the spreadsheet table stores a different field (or type of information) for each record.

The database functions perform basic operations, such as count, max, min, etc, but they enable the user to specify criteria, so that the operation is performed on selected records only. Other records in the database are ignored.

Basic Description

The Excel Dproduct function calculates the product of a field (column) in a database for selected records, that satisfy user-specified criteria.

The syntax of the function is :

DPRODUCT( database, field, criteria )

where the arguments are shown in the table below:


database-A range of cells containing the database. The top row of the database should specify the field names.
field-The field (column) within the database, that you want to calculate the product of.

This can either be a field number, or can be the field name (ie. the header in the top row of the database) encased in quotes (eg. "Date", "Type", etc)

criteria-A range of cells that contain the criteria, to specify which records should be included in the calculation.

The range can include one or more criteria, which are presented as a field name in one cell and the condition for that field in the cell below.

eg.
NameDate
Tom>01/01/2011

Wildcards

You can also use the following wildcards in text-related criteria:

?    -    matches any single character
*    -    matches any sequence of characters

if you do actually want to find the ? or * character, type the ~ symbol before this character in your search.

eg. the condition "A*e" will match all cells containing a text string beginning with "A" and ending in "e".

The criteria supplied beneath each field heading can be either:

oror

Note that the Excel database functions are not case sensitive. So, for example, the criteria ="Tuesday" will be satisfied by cells containing the text "Tuesday" or "tuesday".


Excel Dproduct Function Examples

 ABCD
1NameDateTestScore
2Gary01-Jan-2011Test14
3Gary01-Jan-2011Test24
4Gary01-Jan-2011Test33
5Gary05-Jan-2011Test13
6Gary05-Jan-2011Test24
7Gary05-Jan-2011Test33
8Kev02-Jan-2011Test12
9Kev02-Jan-2011Test23
10Kev02-Jan-2011Test35
11Kev05-Jan-2011Test13
12Kev05-Jan-2011Test22
13Kev05-Jan-2011Test35

The following examples are based on the above simple database on the right, which stores the ratings, across three tests, taken by two men on different dates.


Example 1

In the example below, the Dproduct function is used to calculate the product of Gary's scores on all three tests on 05-Jan-2010. The criteria are specified in cells F1 - G2 and the Dproduct formula is shown in cell F3.

 FG
1NameDate
2Gary05-Jan-2011
3=DPRODUCT( A1:D13, "Score", F1:G2 )

The above Dproduct function calculates the product of the scores in cells D5, D6 & D7, and therefore returns the value 36.


Example 2

In the example below, the Dproduct function is used to calculate the product of all scores for Test1 on dates prior to 05-Jan-2011.

 FG
1TestDate
2Test1< 05-Jan-2011
3=DPRODUCT( A1:D17, "Score", F1:G2 )

The above Dproduct function calculates the product of the scores in cells D2 and D8 and so returns the value 8.


Note that, in the above two examples, instead of typing in "Score" for the field argument, we could have simply used the number 4 (to denote the 4th column of the database).


Further examples of the Excel Dproduct function can be found on the Microsoft Office website.