When calculating the depreciation of an asset, it is common to use an accelerated depreciation calculation, in which the calculated value of an asset is reduced by a larger amount during the first period of its lifetime, and smaller amounts during subsequent periods.
One of the most popular accelerated depreciation methods is the Double DecliningBalance Method, in which the straightline depreciation rate is doubled. A useful example of this is provided on the Wikipedia depreciation page
The Excel DDB function uses the following equation to calculate the depreciation:
where,
The Excel DB function calculates the depreciation of an asset, using the Double Declining Balance Method, or another specified depreciation rate.
The format of the function is :
where the arguments are as shown in the table below:
cost    The initial cost of the asset 
salvage    The value of the asset at the end of the depreciation 
life    The number of periods over which the asset is to be depreciated 
period    The period number for which you want to calculate the depreciation 
[factor]   
An optional argument that is used to specify the rate of depreciation If the [factor] argument is omitted from the function it takes on the default value of 2 (specifying the double declining depreciation method) 
In the example below, the DDB function uses the double declining depreciation method to calculate the yearly depreciation of an asset that cost $10,000 at the start of year 1, and has a salvage value of $1,000 after 5 years.
Formulas:

Results:

Further examples of the Excel DDB function can be found on the Microsoft Office website.
If you get an error from the Excel DDB Function, this is likely to be one of the following :
#NUM!   
Occurs if either:

#VALUE!    Occurs if any of the supplied arguments are not numeric values 