The Excel CUMPRINC function calculates the cumulative payment on the principal of a loan or investment, between two specified periods.
The syntax of the function is:
Where the arguments are as follows:
|rate||-||The interest rate, per period.|
|nper||-||The number of periods over which the loan or investment is to be paid.|
|pv||-||The present value of the loan / investment.|
|start_period||-||The number of the first period over which the payment of the principal is to be calculated (must be an integer between 1 and nper).|
|end_period||-||The number of the last period over which the payment of the principal is to be calculated (must be an integer between 1 and nper).|
Cash Flow Convention:Note that, in line with the general cash flow convention, outgoing payments are represented by negative numbers and incoming payments are represented by positive numbers. This is seen in the example below.
The following spreadsheet shows the Excel Cumprinc function used to calculate the cumulative payment on the principal, during each year of a loan of $50,000 which is to be paid off over 5 years. Interest is charged at a rate of 5% per year and the payment to the loan is to be made at the end of each month.
Note that in this example:
Further examples of the Excel Cumprinc function are provided on the Microsoft Office website.
If you get an error from the Excel Cumprinc function, this is likely to be one of the following:
|#VALUE!||-||Occurs if any of the supplied arguments are not recognised as numeric values.|
Also, the following problem is encountered by some users:
When calculating monthly or quarterly payments, many users forget to convert annual interest rates or the number of periods to months or quarters.
|months = 12 * years|
quarters = 4 * years
|monthly rate = annual rate / 12|
quarterly rate = annual rate / 4